Tobacco Industry on Trial

U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) Lawsuit

On May 22, 2009, a panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit upheld findings by a federal district court in an action brought by the Department of Justice (DOJ) that the major tobacco companies have engaged in a decades-long pattern of fraud against the public as well as the corrective remedies ordered by District Court Judge Gladys Kessler. The case will likely be appealed by the defendants to the Supreme Court.

On a related topic, Congress is in the final stages of passing legislation that would grant the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulatory authority over the tobacco companies. The lengthy proposal includes very specific criteria for the membership of an FDA Scientific Advisory Committee. Among the members are three (nonvoting) tobacco industry representatives. This seems contrary to the intent of the legislation to regulate the production and marketing of the industry's addictive and deadly products, and is certainly unacceptable given the findings by the Federal District Court that the industry has knowingly and willingly defrauded the American public about the health effects and addictiveness of its products for five decades.

Based on the decision upholding Judge Kessler's ruling in the DOJ case, ANR felt strongly that it should go on the record regarding its concern over the level of tobacco industry representation on the FDA Science Advisory Committee. We wrote to Congressman Henry Waxman and Senator Ted Kennedy, co-sponsors of H.R. 1265/S. 982, voicing our concerns. The purpose of ANRs communications are not to oppose the FDA bill outright, but to go on the record as objecting to the presence of tobacco industry representatives on the Advisory Committee. This is particularly important in light of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) Article 5.3 obligations both in the U.S and with other Parties. FCTC Article 5.3 section 4.8 stipulates that Parties should not allow any person employed by the tobacco industry or any entity working to further its interests to be a member of any government body, committee or advisory group that sets or implements tobacco control or public health policy.

ANR letter to Congressman Waxman and Senator Kennedy

Related articles and releases:

Federal appeals court rejects RJ Reynolds appeal over corrective warning statements
JURIST - November 2, 2016

Historic RICO Case Against Tobacco Companies Hits Milestone: Ten Years Later, Little Has Changed for the Industry
Statement by Cynthia Hallett, MPH, President and CEO
Americns for Nonsmokers' Rights - August 17, 2016

Cigarette-makers get partial win over claims
Winston-Salem Journal - May 23, 2015

Federal Appeals Court Upholds Order that Tobacco Companies Correct Lies to the Public - Industry Should Stop Delay and Tell the Truth
PRNewswire - May 22, 2015

Tobacco Companies Defeat Judge's Order for 'Deliberately Deceived' Ads
But D.C. Circuit says companies must still make disclosures about addictiveness
The National Law Journal (registration) - May 22, 2015

Tobacco firms get partial win over claims on smoking effects
Greensboro News & Record - May 22, 2015

Judge to Decide if Black Press will be Treated Fairly by Tobacco Firms
Northdallasgazette - February 4, 2014

Big tobacco appeals ruling requiring them to say they lied
Morning Edition, The Business Journal - January 24, 2014

US tobacco companies' appeal to delay court-ordered advertising blitz
Grand Forks Herald - January 22, 2014

Proposed tobacco settlement excludes Black media
Howard University The District Chronicles - January 20, 2014

Here's What it Looks Like When a Tobacco Company Says 'I'm Sorry'
National Journal - January 13, 2014

Tobacco companies will say they lied, via advertising
USA TODAY - January 10, 2014

Legal Agreement Moves Tobacco Companies Closer to Finally Telling the Truth to the American People
Statement of the Tobacco-Free Kids Action Fund, American Cancer Society, American Heart Association, American Lung Association, Americans for Nonsmokers' Rights and National African American Tobacco Prevention Network
January 10, 2014

Deal reached on tobacco firm corrective statements
Bismarck Tribune - January 10, 2014

Philip Morris reviews court's order to advertise smoking risk
WTVR - November 28, 2012

US Court Rules That Tobacco Companies Should Admit To Lies In ...
RTT News - November 28, 2012

Judge orders tobacco companies to say they lied
Winston-Salem Journal - November 27, 2012

US judge orders tobacco companies to admit deception
Reuters - November 27, 2012

Federal Appeals Court Rejects Tobacco Industry Effort to Escape Corrective Actions for Violating Racketeering Laws
Sacramento Bee – July 27, 2012

Cigarette Makers Lose Bid to End Racketeer Case Monitor
Bloomberg, July 27, 2012

US Appeals Court Upholds Restrictions Against Tobacco Industry in Racketeering Case
Wall Street Journal, July 27, 2012

UCSF to Receive Tobacco Papers, Funding to Improve Public Access to the Documents
Newswise, December 14, 2011

U.S. judge declines to shut tobacco racketeering case
Reuters, June 2, 2011

DOJ, Tobacco Lawyers Back in Court Over Injunction, September 16, 2010

A Rogue Industry
New York Times, May 31, 2009

DC Circuit Court Upholds Landmark RICO Case Against Big Tobacco
The National Law Journal, May 26, 2009

Read ANR's Action Alert and take action on this issue.

On August 17, 2006, nearly one year after Americans for Nonsmokers’ Rights and five other public health groups (American Cancer Society, the American Heart Association, the American Lung Association, the National African American Tobacco Prevention Network and the Tobacco-Free Kids Action Fund) intervened in the case, U.S. District Judge Gladys Kessler issued her final opinion in the government's long-standing racketeering lawsuit against the tobacco industry.

Judge Kessler’s decision contained numerous findings, including the following regarding Secondhand Smoke (referred to as ETS in the decision) (emphasis added):

“Defendants have publicly denied what they internally acknowledged: that ETS is hazardous to nonsmokers

“Internally, Defendants recognized that ETS is hazardous to nonsmokers

“Internally, Defendants expressed concern that the mounting evidence on ETS posed a grave threat to their industry”

“Defendants undertook joint efforts to undermine and discredit the scientific consensus that ETS causes disease”

Defendants made false and misleading public statements denying that ETS is hazardous to nonsmokers

Defendants continue to obscure the fact that ETS is hazardous to nonsmokers

Among the remedies imposed by Judge Kessler were a requirement that the tobacco companies make corrective statements in various media outlets, including the following one:

"Each Defendant shall be required to make separate corrective statements concerning the following: (a) the adverse health effects of smoking; (b) the addictiveness of smoking and nicotine; (c) the lack of any significant health benefit from smoking “low tar,” “light,” “ultra light,” “mild,” and “natural,” cigarettes; (d) Defendants’ manipulation of cigarette design and composition to ensure optimum nicotine delivery; and (e) the adverse health effects of exposure to secondhand smoke (also known as environmental tobacco smoke, or ETS).

On September 1, two weeks after this scathing indictment of the industry and its business practices, Philip Morris filed documents with the court requesting that it be permitted to continue using the terms “low tar,” “light,” “ultra light,” “mild,” and “natural,” cigarettes outside of the United States, somehow believing that exporting its lies would be acceptable. This action further demonstrates that the industry cannot and should not be trusted to tell the truth about its products or the health effects of secondhand smoke. It is now clearer than ever that the tobacco industry has no standing to interfere with local and state lawmakers in their efforts to enact smokefree legislation. Advocates are encouraged to point out Judge Kessler’s findings to further discredit the industry and its allies.

Historic Appeals Case Against The Tobacco Industry Positions Court To Decide On Key Tobacco Control Issues (Medical News Today - 10/15/08)

Prosecutor Says Bush Appointees Interfered With Tobacco Case (Washington Post - 3/23/07)

Judge Gladys Kessler Rules that Tobacco Industry May Not Use 'Light' or 'Low Tar' Labels When Marketing Abroad (3/16/07)
Kessler wrote, "The Court sees no justification, whether legal or ethical, for concluding that Congress intended to allow a Defendant to continue to tell the rest of the world that "light/low tar" cigarettes are less harmful to health when they are prohibited form making such fraudulent representations to the American public."

Joint Letter to Attorney General Alberto Gonzales (11/27/06)

Plaintiff Intervenors filed a Notice of Appeal on November 9, 2006 (no link)

ANR's Statement on Kessler's Ruling (8/18/06)

Letter from Congressman Waxman and Senator Durbin to Attorny General Gonzalez (10/19/05)

Strong Remedies Still Available in Tobacco Lawsuit Despite Supreme Court's Decision Not to Hear Disgorgement Appeal (10/17/05)

Intervenors Reply to Defendants (9/26/05)

Tobacco Companies Reply to Intervenors Brief (9/14/05)

Read ANR's letter to Attorney General Alberto Gonzales (pdf format)

RE: Associate Attorney General Robert McCallum

Six Public Health Groups File Motion to Intervene in Federal Tobacco Lawsuit

ANR created an ad, "Is There a Cancer on the Justice Department," after the Department made a dramatic change in its case by significantly reducing the remedies it had originally requested in the case.

Letter to H. Marshall Jarrett from Reps. Henry A. Waxman and Martin T. Meehan

Litigation Against Tobacco Companies, Civil Division U.S. Department of Justice

Philip Morris memo regarding the case