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Ghana

In July 2012, newspaper coverage stated that Ghana had passed a smokefree air law, covering public places, with exemptions for smoking areas in restaurants and bars.

Smokefree Chronology

A Tobacco Control Bill was drafted in 2003 that would make public places smokefree, but the bill has not been ratified by the Parliament.

In May of 2009, the non-governmental organization Vision for Alternative Development (VALD) called for the establishment of a National Tobacco Control Council to ensure the swift passage of the Tobacco Control Bill into law.

In July 2011, a tobacco control bill had a first reading in Parliament. If passed, the measure would make public places smokefree.

Smokefree News

Non-smokers will be protected under ban of public smoking
spyghana.com - July 30, 2013

A Regulatory Officer of the Food and Drugs Authority (FDA), Miss Evado Avotri, has stated that the ban placed on smoking in public places is to protect the non-smoker from the harmful effects of secondhand smoke.

Ban on public smoking to protect non-smokers FDA
Ghana Business News - July 29, 2013

Ban on public smoking to protect non-smokers FDA ... for smoking in a workplace or in public places to prevent smoke from spreading to non-smoking areas.

Observe ban on smoking in public
BusinessGhana - June 5, 2013

This, the FDA said, was to ensure that non-smokers are protected from the adverse effects of tobacco smoke considering the overwhelming evidence of its the ...

Insist on right for a smoke free environment - FDA
Ghana Broadcasting Corporation - June 1, 2013

As Ghana joins the rest of the world to celebrate World No Tobacco Day, a call has gone to Ghanaians to insist on their rights for a smoke free environment.

Government Urged To Pass Tobacco Control Bill
Ghana - October 26, 2012

The Programme Director of Vision for Alternative Development, a non-government organisation has noted that the passage of the Tobacco Control Bill is the effective means of preventing the marketing and usage of the product. Mr Labram Musah Massawudu said to minimise the social cost of tobacco use, government must eliminate the activities of the tobacco industry through the passing of the Bill to reduce lung, oral and neck cancers, heart diseases and poverty among smokers. …

Public Smoking Will Be Penalized Under New Law
Ghana.gov - July 20, 2012

Smoking in public will now attract a fine of GHc9, 000 or a three-year imprisonment or both under the new Public Health Law. Under the law, smoking has been banned in places such as the streets, homes, vehicles, bars, restaurants and other places of public use. The Chairman of the ...

'Expedite Tobacco Bill Passage'
Daily Guide - June 5, 2012

... the public who do not smoke the ordeal of being exposed to passive smoking. ... to save non-smokers from contracting diseases linked with passive smoking ...

MP calls for ban on public smoking
Spyghana.com - June 1, 2012

According to her, it is time that the country's law-making body and the government become decisive in curtailing the public smoking menace by placing bans on ...

Anti-tobacco campaigner calls for ban on smoking
GhanaWeb - May 31, 2012

He said “if Government or policy-makers are reluctant to ban cigarettes out-rightly, public smoking should be outlawed as the dangers associated with passive or ...

WHY A STRONG TOBACCO CONTROL MEASURES OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH BILL, 2011: Tobacco Kills, hasten the passage to protect lives
Modern Ghana (gh), 2011-11-28
Vision for Alternative Development (VALD

Ghana has failed to meet its obligations on article 8, 13 and 5.2 of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). February 27, 2010 was the deadline for Ghana to have implemented a comprehensive ban on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship (Article 13) and ban smoking in public places (Article 8). Ghana is expected to have in place comprehensive tobacco control legislation five years after ratifying the FCTC (Article 5.2). ...

“Ghana must speed up legislation on tobacco”- Patricia Lambert
Ghana News Agency (gh), 2011-08-14

Ms Patricia Lambert, Director of International Legal Consortium for Campaign for Tobacco - Free Kids, has urged the Government of Ghana to consider the health of her people and speed up the tobacco control legislation. ...

NGO urges parliamentarians to support tobacco control measures
Ghana News Agency - August 10, 2011

10, GNA – Mr Issah Ali, National Coordinator of Coalition on Tobacco Control ... direct and indirect advertising, promotion and sponsorship of tobacco and ...

IMANI Ghana: Bill to regulate tobacco use too prohibitive
Myjoyonline.com - August 4, 2011

The Public Health Bill currently before parliament bans smoking in public and even in homes. It also has strict guidelines on labeling and Mr. Cudjoe ...

Ghana Parliament Discusses Tobacco Bill
Peace FM Online - August 1, 2011

Provisions of the tobacco bill include a total ban on smoking in indoor and outdoor public places, total ban on tobacco advertisements, promotion and ...

Tobacco Control Bill Finally In Parliament
Peace FM Online - July 25, 2011

When finally passed the law will among others ban Smoking in public places, ban tobacco advertising, Promotion and Sponsorship, Prohibit young people under the age of 21 from buying and selling tobacco products and mandate the printing of Pictorial ...

Secondhand Tobacco Smoke Exposure in Selected Public Places (PM2.5 and Air Nicotine) and Non-smoking Employees (Hair Nicotine) in Ghana.
Agbenyikey, W.; Wellington, E.; Gyapong, J.; Travers, M.J.; Breysse, P.N.; McCarty, K.M.; Navas-Acien, A.
Tobacco Control. 10.1136/tc.2010.036012 [doi]. October 7, 2010, [Epub ahead of print].

Background Secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) exposure is a global public health problem. Ghana currently has no legislation to prevent smoking in public places. To provide data on SHS levels in hospitality venues in Ghana the authors measured (1) airborne particulate matter <2.5&emsp14;?m (PM(2.5)) and nicotine concentrations and (2) hair nicotine concentrations in non-smoking employees. Quantifying SHS exposure will provide evidence needed to develop tobacco control legislation. Method PM(2.5) was measured for 30&emsp14;min in 75 smoking and 13 non-smoking venues. Air nicotine concentrations were measured for 7&emsp14;days in 8 smoking and 2 non-smoking venues. Additionally, 63 non-smoking employees provided hair samples for nicotine analysis. Result Compared to non-smoking venues, smoking venues had markedly elevated PM(2.5) (median 553 [IQR 259-1038] vs 16.0 [14.0-17.0]&emsp14;?g/m(3)) and air nicotine (1.83 [0.91-4.25] vs 0.03 [0.02-0.04]&emsp14;?g/m(3)) concentrations. Hair nicotine concentrations were also higher in non-smoking employees working in smoking venues (median 2.49 [0.46-6.84]&emsp14;ng/mg) compared to those working in non-smoking venues (median 0.16 [0.08-0.79]&emsp14;ng/mg). Hair nicotine concentrations correlated with ...

Status of Implementation of Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) in Ghana: A Qualitative Study
Owusu-Dabo, E.; McNeill, A.; Lewis, S.; Gilmore, A.; Britton, J.
BMC Public Health. January 1, 2010, 10(1): [Epub ahead of print].
http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1471-2458-10-1.pdf

Smoky air in Ghana bars fuels thesis study
Yale Daily News - Florence Dethy - September 9, 2009

While pursuing a master’s degree at the Yale School of Public Health, Agbenyikey spent three months gathering data whilst bar-hopping around seven major cities in Ghana. The study, which has recently received considerable attention from governmental and non-governmental agencies, found that public smoking severely polluted the air in the establishments he canvassed and that the average nicotine levels of non-smoking employees working at smoking establishments could pass for those of habitual smokers.

“Every night, [I would go out] to about three to four bars,” he said. “I set out around 8 or 7:30 p.m. to visit restaurants, and then I would move to bars and nightclubs.” ...

Draft Bill On Public Smoking For Cabinet
Graphic Online - July 29, 2009

A Draft legislation intended to ban smoking in public places and promote other tobacco control measures, will be presented to Cabinet by Friday, Dr George Sipa-Adjah Yankey, the Minister of Health, has disclosed.

After Cabinet consideration, the draft anti-smoking legislation is expected to be presented to Parliament for further review before becoming law.

The bill has been on the shelves of the Ministry of Health since 2005 and there are fears among some health officials that it may continue to stall in the legislative process.

Mrs Edith Wellington, the Principle Health Research Officer at the Ghana Health Service (GHS), who is currently spearheading the Focal Point for Tobacco Control, told the Daily Graphic that the bill might pass quicker if more priority and resources were given to tobacco control.

According to Mrs Wellington, the Ministry of Health did not list tobacco control on its priority issues agenda and was therefore not given an aligned budget. ...

Anti-Tobacco Law Gains Support
Ghana News Agency, 05/29/09

Accra, GNA - A report on a survey, to assess the levels of Second Hand Smoke (SHS) in selected places, has indicated that 80 per cent of workers in smoking and non-smoking establishments were in favour of smoke-free laws, citing health as a reason.

The report said even though all smoking venues, except one, had ventilation systems, 96 per cent had Particulate Matter of 2.5 level, which fell into hazardous category of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Air Quality Index.

According to Mr Winfred Agbenyikey, who conducted the research, the ventilation system cannot protect people from SHS exposure.

He said the study was conducted to measure the extent of pollution caused by SHS exposure to workers and patrons in selected indoor public places.

Presenting a Paper at a day's seminar on the theme: "Ban on Smoking in Public Places," for senior staff of the EPA in Accra on Thursday, he said bar owners interviewed claimed customers' preference and concerns over loss of revenue as their reason for allowing smoking in their establishments.

He, however, noted that owners of non-smoking locations, which had gone smoke-free voluntarily, six months before the study, reported a hike in attendance and increased revenue after the ban.

Mr Agbenyikey noted that even though there had been no studies in Ghana to indicate that a smoke-free environment in public places, led to reduced patronage and hence a decrease in revenue for owners, studies in the USA and Ireland had proved that this was totally untrue. ...

Speed Up Passage of the Tobacco Bill - Anti-tobacco Group
Ghana News Agency, 05/28/09

Accra, May 28, GNA - Vision for Alternative Development (VALD), a civil society group, on Thursday called for the establishment of a National Tobacco Control Council to ensure the swift passage of the Tobacco Bill into law.

Briefing the media in Accra Mr Issah Ali, Executive Director of VALD, said members of the council, which should comprise relevant government agencies and civil society groups, would be expected to advise the Health Minister and other relevant agencies in the enforcement of the Tobacco Act.

The bill, which has been in a draft form since 2005, when passed into law, will among other things, ban smoking in public places and prohibit the sale of tobacco products in health and educational institutions, theatres and sports stadiums.

The bill in accordance with the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) will prohibit advertisements and promotion of tobacco products and sale of tobacco products to persons under-18 years of age. ...

Bill on Tobacco Smoke Goes to Parliament
HomePage Ghana, 08/06/03

August 6, GNA- A bill on the ban of smoking cigarettes and other tobacco products at public places will soon be presented to Parliament for discussion and approval, Professor Agyeman Badu Akosa, Director- General of Ghana Health Service said on Wednesday in Accra. The bill, which would be guided by the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, would address issues such as advertisements, sponsorship and warning to prevent people, especially the youth from accessing tobacco and tobacco products.

Briefing the press in Accra on Tobacco control, Prof. Akosa said government in 1989, made a pronouncement of ban on smoking in public places, which included cinemas, restaurants, theatres and public offices.

He said government had made efforts to control tobacco use, though there was no legislation backing the pronouncements. A directive was given by the Ministry of Health further banning smoking on the premises of any health facility throughout the country. ...