China, home to 360 million smokers, hosted the Summer Olympics in 2008, and it prohibited smoking in government offices, schools, museums, hospitals, and Olympic venues for the duration of the games. Health advocates in China hope the temporary smokefree policies will lead to an increased demand for permanent local smokefree policies. In May 2009, the Health Ministry announced that all hospitals and medical facilities will become smokefree in 2011. At present, 100% smokefree environments remain a rarity in China.
On the local level, Shanghai, China's largest city with over 20 million people, enacted a 100% smokefree workplaces law in February 2009. Unfortunately, the law does not go into effect until 2011. In May 2009, Shanghai's Hongqiao Airport became 100% smokefree.
Smokefree & Related News
Ld-Writethru-China Focus: Beijing smoking ban review ...
It bans smoking in all indoor public places, workplaces and public transport vehicles. ... According to the FCTC, China should have banned smoking in indoor public areas ... Although the draft proposed banning smoking in all indoor areas and ...
campaign to promote smoking ban in public spaces in China
Issue Tobacco Control Draft
mulls banning tobacco purchases with public funds
seeks to ban purchase of cigarettes with public funds
Smokers Face Tougher Regulations
fined for breaking ban on smoking during festival
non-smoking park policy sparks anger
Proposed Smoking Restriction Will Be a Problem for These Companies
calls for tobacco control legislation
smokers fined after Shenzhen crackdown
eyes total smoking ban in public places
tobacco industry: Government cougherrs
who ignore ban had worst year yet
banned in Taiyuan taxis
Health Agency Pledges Smoking Ban among Workers
Liu, R.; Jiang, Y.; Li, Q.; Hammond, S.K., "An
assessment of health risks and mortality from exposure to secondhand
smoke in Chinese restaurants and bars," PLoS One 9(1):
realizes that smoking in schools may not be great idea
banned in all primary, middle schools in China
ban may expand
Heave Sigh of Relief over Ban
...But given the abject failure of previous smoking bans - it's not uncommon to see patrons ... The ban not only aims to curb smoking among government officials, it is also ... and no national law is yet in place banning smoking in indoor public places. ... the local government in Lanzhou, Gansu province, has banned smoking in ...
smoking regulation in China: no more hot air," Lancet
383(9912): 100, January 11, 2014.
public smoking ban may face hurdles
smoking ban for officials faces hurdles
China's Bad Air, a Reminder That Smoking Still Kills
Hu, T.W.; Lee, A.H.; Mao, Z., "WHO
Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in China: barriers, challenges
and recommendations," Global Health Promotion [Epub
ahead of print], December 2, 2013.
Xiao, D.; Wang, C.; Chen, H.; Hajek, P., "Making hospitals in China smoke-free: a prospective study of implementing the new standard," Nicotine and Tobacco Research 15(12): 2076-2080, December 2013.
Conclusions: The smoke-free standard is feasible even in a country
with a widespread acceptance of smoking inside health facilities. Several
challenges need to be addressed when the new standard is disseminated
Stillman, F.A.; Kaufman, M.R.; Zhen, A.; Yang, J.; Wang, J.; Zhao, N., "Smoke-free or not: a pilot evaluation in selected Beijing hospitals," BMC Public Health 13(1): 964, October 17, 2013.
As implementation strategies for smoke-free environments are improved and more resources are focused on hospitals, China is making progress toward achieving smoke-free hospitals. Using a model program could increase the prevalence of SHS policies across China. However, relying only on survey data may not provide an accurate assessment of this progress, and more extensive evaluation efforts are useful to understand how change can and does occur. ...
Wei, X.; Zhang, Z.; Song, X.; Xu, Y.; Wu, W.; Loa, X.; Ma, W., "Household smoking restrictions related to secondHand smoke exposure in Guangdong, China: a population representative survey," Nicotine and Tobacco Research [Epub ahead of print], October 15, 2013.
Introduction: China has a higher household secondhand smoke exposure
rate than other countries. This study aims to estimate the prevalence
rate of households implementing smoking bans in Guangdong and to identify
factors correlated with household smoking bans. ... Conclusions: Household
smoking bans were not sufficiently established in Guangdong, China.
Intensified efforts were called to promote home smoking bans, especially
for those of lower education level, with lower income, and living in
Chinese women at risk through second-hand smoke
Zhang, Q.; Li, L.; Smithm M.; Guo, Y.; Whitlock, G.; Bian, Z.; Kurmi,
O.; Collins, R.; Chen, J.; Lv, S.; Pang, Z.; Chen, C.; Chen, N.; Xiong,
Y.; Peto, R.; Chen, Z, "Exhaled
carbon monoxide and its associations with smoking, indoor household
air pollution and chronic respiratory diseases among 512 000 Chinese
adults," International Journal of Epidemiology, [Epub
ahead of print], September, 20, 2013.
Exhaled carbon monoxide (COex) level is positively associated with tobacco smoking and exposure to smoke from biomass/coal burning. Relatively little is known about its determinants in China despite the population having a high prevalence of smoking and use of biomass/coal. ... In adult Chinese, COex can be used as a biomarker for assessing current smoking and overall exposure to indoor household air pollution in combination with questionnaires.
Xiao, D.; Wang, C.; Chen, H.; Hajek, P., "Making
hospitals in China smoke-free: a prospective study of implementing the
new standard," Nicotine and Tobacco Research [Epub ahead
of print], September 6, 2013.
Chinese Cities Join Smoke-Free Program
Wan, X.; Stillman, F.; Liu, H.; Spires, M.; Dai, Z.; Tamplin, S.; Hu, D.; Samet, J.M.; Yang, G., "Development of policy performance indicators to assess the implementation of protection from exposure to secondhand smoke in China," Tobacco Control 22(Suppl. 2): ii9-ii15, September 2013.
Conclusions The PPI is useful for evaluating implementation of smoke-free policies. As tobacco control programmes are implemented, the PPI offers an indicator to track success and change strategies, without collecting data for a full SOTC index.
Chen, R.; Hu, Z.; Orton, S.; Chen, R.L.; Wei L., "Association of passive smoking with cognitive impairment in nonsmoking older adults: a systematic literature review and a new study of Chinese cohort," Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology [Epub ahead of print], July 22, 2013.
This study concluded that, "Passive smoking could be considered
an important risk factor for cognitive impairment in older adults. Avoiding
exposure to passive smoking would help to preserve cognitive decline
in later life."
Chinese women at risk through second-hand smoke
Poll Up: We Need More
million second-hand smokers in China
Zhang, D.M.; Hu, Z.; Orton, S.; Wang, J.J.; Zheng, J.Z.; Qin, X.; Chen, R.L., "Socio-economic and psychosocial determinants of smoking and passive smoking in older adults," Biomed Environ Sci. (6): 453-467, June 27, 2013.
the impact of the national smoking ban in indoor public places in China:
evidence from quit smoking related online searches,"
Despite the tremendous economic and health costs imposed on China by tobacco use, China lacks a proactive and systematic tobacco control surveillance and evaluation system, hampering research progress on tobacco-focused surveillance and evaluation studies.
Yang, T.; Abdullah, A.S.; Li, L.; Rockett, I.R.; Lin, Y.; Ying, J.; Guo, W.; Wu, D.; Li, M., "Public place smoke-free regulations, secondhand smoke exposure and related beliefs, awareness, attitudes, and practices among Chinese urban residents," International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 10(6): 2370-2383, June 13, 2013.
Conclusions: There was a statistically significant association between implementation of smoke-free regulations in a city and inhibition of secondhand tobacco smoking exposure in public places. However, any such impact was limited. Effective tobacco control in China will require a combination of strong public health education and enforcement of regulations.
Wan, X.; Stillman, F.; Liu, H.; Spires, M.; Dai, Z.; Tamplin, S.; Hu,
D.; Samet, J.M.; Yang, G., "Development
of policy performance indicators to assess the implementation of protection
from exposure to secondhand smoke in China," Tobacco Control
[Epub ahead of print], June 11, 2013.
Li, C.Y.; Cui, X.B.; Rao, Y.S., "Analysis
on the rate of passive smoking in Beijing residents from 2001-2008,"
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 34(6): 658-659, June 2013.
pushing for smoking ban on public venues
Cai, L.; Wu, X.; Goyal, A.; Han, Y.; Cui, W.; He, J.; Xiao, X.; Zhao, K.; Jiao, F.; Song, Y., "Multilevel analysis of the determinants of smoking and second-hand smoke exposure in a tobacco-cultivating rural area of Southwest China," Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print], May 25, 2013.
CONCLUSIONS: Future interventions to reduce smoking and exposure to SHS in China should focus more on tobacco farmers, less-educated individuals and on poor rural communities.
city to go smoke-free
Beijing's Palace Museum, also known as the Forbidden City, announced on Saturday that the museum will go smoke-free. The museum announced its new ...
imposes 500-yuan fine in anti-smoking law
Chen, Z.; Shao, J.; Gao, X.; Li, X., "Effect
of passive smoking on female breast cancer in China: a meta-analysis,"
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health [Epub ahead of print],
April 9, 2013.
This meta-analysis of existing studies into the effect of secondhand smoke exposure on breast cancer in China concluded that, "Results suggest a possible association between passive tobacco smoke and female breast cancer in China."
Museum boosts protection
Urge China to Ban Smoking in Schools
of smoke-free zones could face fines
advocate urges a ban in the city
Liu, R.; Jiang, Y.; Travers, M.J.; Li, Q.; Hammond, S.K., "Evaluating the efficacy of different smoking policies in restaurants and bars in Beijing, China: a four-year follow-up study," International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health [Epub ahead of print], March 14, 2013.
This air quality study concluded that, "Voluntary smoking policy
is rarely adopted and cannot protect people from SHS exposure in restaurants
and bars. The 2008 Beijing governmental smoking regulation failed to
significantly reduce SHS exposure shortly or two years after its implementation.
Restricting smoking to designated sections cannot eliminate SHS exposure."
on smoking ban
on increase in Shanghai's 'disaster zones'
to step up anti-smoking campaign
ban violations rise in 2012
smoking worst pollution
scientists find smoking-dementia link
Air Akin to Living in Smoking Lounge: Chart of the Day
Air Pollution Puts Chinese Women Nonsmokers at Increased ...
Xu, Y.; Wu, Q.; Xu, S.; Xu, J.; Wan, X.; Guo, Y., "Environmental secondhand smoke exposure and policy assessment at five venues in Zhejiang Province, China," Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition [Epub ahead of print], January 25, 2013.
The objective of this study was to assess environmental secondhand smoke exposure and tobacco control policy at 5 venues. A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 134 settings and 2727 adults in Zhejiang, China. The results show that the proportions of venues that had complete smoking ban were as follows: health administrative organizations (71.9%), hospitals (70.0%), schools (66.7%), public transportation vehicles (24.0%), and government agencies (11.8%). The proportions of venues where smoking was noticed were as follows: public transportation vehicles (88.0%), government agencies (47.1%), hospitals (46.7%), health administrative organizations (40.6%), and schools (30.0%). Venues with completely indoor smoking ban were 5 times more likely to be smoke-free at the time of survey than other venues without smoking ban (odds ratio = 5.39, 95% confidence interval = 1.92-15.14). It indicated that implementation of indoor smoking ban can reduce indoor secondhand smoke exposure.
Tougher law needed to ban smoking at public places
deny Nobel laureate to star in cigarette advertisement
remain for smoking ban"
slow high-speed trains in NE China
cancer rate leads to calls for smoking controls
ban may reach all public buildings
to enforce total smoking ban in public places
Women Exposed To Secondhand Smoke In China, Which May Raise Pregnancy
Leader's Job at Odds With Tobacco Ties, Brookings Says
Political Mapping of China's Tobacco Industry and Anti-Smoking Campaign
still a problem in taxis
latest smoking ban has little effect, critics say
CVD Death in China Every 10 Seconds
Cai, L.; Wu, X.; Goyal, A.; Han, Y.; Cui, W.; Xiao, X.; He, J.; Zhao,
K.; Song, Y.; Jiao, F., "Patterns
and socioeconomic influences of tobacco exposure in tobacco cultivating
rural areas of Yunnan Province, China," BMC Public Health
[Epub ahead of print], October 4, 2012.
The prevalence rates of tobacco use were much higher in men compared with women (current smoking 68.5% vs. 1.3%; and nicotine dependence 85.2% vs. 72.7%). However, the rate of SHS exposure was higher in women compared with men (76.6% vs. 70.5%). Tobacco farmers had higher prevalence rates of current smoking, nicotine dependence, and SHS exposure compared with participants not engaged in tobacco farming (P<0.01). Most tobacco users (84.5%) reported initiating smoking during adolescence. A total of 81.1% of smokers smoked in public places, and 77.6% smoked in workplaces. Individuals belonging to an ethnic minority had a lower probability of SHS exposure and nicotine dependence. Individual educational level was found to be inversely associated with the prevalence of current smoking, exposure to SHS, and nicotine dependence. Higher annual household income was associated with a greater risk of nicotine dependence.
activists in row over China Tobacco Museum in Shanghai ($$)
smoke greatest source of indoor pollution in Beijing: study
rule has little effect
to push for smoke-free China should come from top
way to go before China becomes smoke-free
CEO Roundtable on Cancer Joins Bilateral Effort to Promote ...
US launch smoke-free workplace campaign
gets tough with public smoking ban
votes to ban smoking indoors
More than 80 percent of Shanghai residents want smoking banned in restaurants
... showed that a majority of respondents favoured a total ban in restaurants,
Health Ministry Launches Official Report On Dangers Of Smoking
"More than half of males aged 15 and above, smoke. As many as
740 million Chinese people are exposed to passive smoking. People are
underestimating the ...
... in China to raise public awareness, particularly of secondhand
smoking. ... nearly 740 million people suffer from secondhand smoke
on the Chinese mainland.
raises indoor PM2.5 GD
Indoor smoking in Shenzhen leads to significant increases in PM2.5 readings in offices, homes and restaurants, creating poor air quality that can be much worse for health than outdoor air pollution.
He, Y.; Jiang, B.; Li, L.S.; Ko, L.; Wu, L.; Sun, D.L.; He, S.F.; Liang, B.Q.; Hu, F.B.; Lam, T.H., "Secondhand smoke exposure predicted chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and other tobacco related mortality in a 17-years cohort study in China," Chest [Epub ahead of print], May 24, 2012.
This secondhand smoke exposure study included 910 men and women in
Xian, China. Forty four percent of the subjects were exposed to secondhand
smoke at home, 52.9 percent at work, and 67.1 percent at home or work.
Between March 1, 1994 and July 1, 2011, 249 subjects (150 men and 99
women) died. Subjects exposed to secondhand smoke increased their risk
of death from coronary heart disease (CHD) (adjusted relative risk,
RR=2.15, 95% confidence intervals, CI=1.00-7.66), ischemic stroke (2.88,
1.10-7.55), lung cancer (2.00, 0.62-6.40), and COPD (2.30, 1.06-5.00)
and all-causes (1.72, 1.29-2.20), with significant dose-response relationships
between cumulative secondhand smoke exposure at home and work and the
increased risk of cause-specific and total mortality.
Puts out 3-year Plan to Control Rising Chronic Diseases ...
Doctor Susan Henderson a the technical adviser for the Tobacco Free
Initiative with the World Health Organization. "I think there are
three main reasons that are ...
poised to ban all public indoor smoking
SMOKING may be banned completely inside all public venues in Shanghai
starting ... But the major thrust will be to simply ban smoking in all
indoor public ...
smoking ban reaches universities
smoking ban may be expanded
SHANGHAI'S smoking ban may be expanded to cover all indoor venues later
this year after city legislators review the smoke-control law which
came into effect ...
schools consider non-smoking entrances
The China Post news staff-- The Taichung City Government is considering
establishing official non-smoking areas around the entrances of senior
high schools ...
in Administrative Area to be fined from April
As one of the seven pilot cities for Smoke-free Environment Promotion
Project in China, Shenzhen will start its work of establishing smoke-free
organs in ...
lawmakers to tighten anti-smoking regulations
BEIJING, March 27 (Xinhua) -- Smokers who violate a smoking ban in
Beijing will have to ... museums and hospitals, where smoking has been
banned since 2008.
China has a long way to go until smoking can be effectively controlled
nationwide. [Photo: Imagine China] An experts' draft ordinance related
to controls on ...
In addition to the ban, which has been called a symbolic measure, officials
are ... The draft also bans smoking in the outdoor areas of hospitals
seeking effective ways to prevent smoking
People ignoring smoking bans are first warned by supervisors, ... a
week-long supervision initiative on compliance with the smoking ban
in public places.
An old man enjoying his traditonal-style tobacco smoke at a restaurant
in ... The policy, which was implemented the following month, prohibits
smoking in at ...
looking to technology to catch smokers
SPECIAL cigarette smoke detectors and PM2.5 indoor monitoring devices
are ... restaurants are only half of those which don't ban smoking,"
to champion rights of nonsmokers
BEIJING - The Red Cross Society of China launched a three-year Create
a Smoke-Free Environment Program on Wednesday. ... seed-funded with
$9 million from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, ... and change
smokers' habits by educating nonsmokers on their health rights.
ban expected by Beijing
By Cao Yin and Zheng Xin (China Daily) BEIJING - A ban on smoking will
be written into ... Measures banning smoking are on the legislative
agenda and the ...
slowly to 300 million Chinese puffers: smoke-free zones
ban on smoking
finds half of Beijing's restaurants ignore smoking ban
A survey conducted by an environmental group finds that a government
ban on smoking in indoor public venues has been completely ignored by
half of Beijing's restaurants, a finding that underscores the challenges
of controlling tobacco in a country with 300 million smokers. ...
Many restaurants are seriously polluted by tobacco smoke despite a
national smoking ban, according to the results of an investigation by
a Beijing-based non-governmental organization (NGO) released on Sunday.
tobacco chief expelled from ruling party
A local government tobacco chief has been removed from his post and
expelled from the ruling party over rampant corruption charges in a
case that has also exposed China's tobacco monopoly's huge profits,
officials said Tuesday. ...
cigarette monopoly hinders antismoking
unhealthy habits drive chronic diseases up
Colleges, Universities Fail in Tobacco Control
sets to control public smoking at year end
wall of loopholes keeps China's last gasp at bay
anti-smoking activists try a new argument: that it's bad for the economy
YUXI, China When China issued its first national ban on public
smoking last month, health advocates cheered but didn't hold their breath.
Like many anti-smoking regulations in China, this one seemed hollow,
and for good reason. ...
Gates in China push against secondhand smoke
regulations ban smoking in the workplace
According to the regulations, smoking is banned in all indoor public
places such as stores, hotels, restaurants, hospitals, cinemas and other
is China' no excuse for defying smoking ban
smokers blow off new national smoking ban
public smoking ban need more specified regulations
new national smoking ban has gone into effect, which extends
to all enclosed public areas. Our reporter Zhang Ni finds out how the
new rules are working in the capital. ...
to Prohibit Smoking at Enclosed Public Spaces
to fully implement smoking ban at indoor public places
Issues New Nationwide Restrictions on Smoking
China, the world's largest tobacco producer and home to a third of
all smokers, has issued a national ban on lighting up in hotels, restaurants
and other indoor public spaces, the Health Ministry said on Thursday.
Review of Smoke-free Health Care in Mainland China.
tobacco control legislation needed: Chinese political advisor
worry over China's new anti-smoking plan
In its 12th Five-Year Plan, China has promised to ban smoking in public
places "in an all-around manner". ...
to be smoke-free...in 50 years
EVEN though fewer people are smoking in public places since a ban was introduced a year ago, it could take 50 years to make Shanghai smoke-free, a lawmaker admitted yesterday.
According to the first annual report on the city's anti-smoking campaign, people were found smoking in 16.8 percent of non-smoking areas, a huge drop from 37.5 percent before the ban.
And smokers were persuaded to stub out in just over half of the city's non-smoking areas, compared with just under 19 percent before.
But Sun Shiyun, a local lawmaker, said the campaign had not achieved the reductions hoped for. "It's a difficult task to suddenly change people's habits."
"It will take a long time, maybe 50 years, to realize our original
goal of smoke-free public venues," claimed Sun ...
ban badly needed in China to cut smoking, experts say
Comprehensive tobacco control laws that include a complete ban on smoking
in enclosed public places are badly needed in China where tobacco use
and second-hand smoke kill roughly 1.2 million people a year, a group
of health and legal experts said Friday. ...
hopes to get tough on smoking
RENOWNED health and legal experts from Shanghai and Beijing have been
invited to attend a legislation seminar tomorrow to lobby for the passage
of a smoking ban in Nanchang City, Jiangxi Province, that has been touted
as the toughest in the country. ...
smoking policies and their association with male employees'
Deaths Rise With Smoke
BEIJING, Feb 16, 2011 (IPS) - Five years ago China pledged to ban smoking in all indoor public places by January of this year. That promise remains unfulfilled and is today symbolic of the lack of progress made in the fight against tobacco use in China, where up to a million people die of smoking-related complications each year.
More than half of Chinese men smoke, and a total of 301 million adults currently use tobacco, according to a study by Chinas Centre for Disease Control (CDC), released last August. The study found that 70 percent of adults are exposed to secondhand smoke in a given week.
Although the figure dropped from the previous estimate of 350 million smokers, the study, which included interviews with more than 13,000 people conducted over several months, revealed that up to one million people in the country die every year from lung cancer and cardiovascular disease directly related to smoking. ...
still reluctant to legislate on smoking
Beijing will "strengthen advertising on the dangers of smoking" as the main tobacco control tactic for this year, said city legislator Mao Yu on Wednesday, when asked what stopped China from delivering on its pledge to ban indoor smoking.
Speaking on China's poor performance in tobacco control, Mao, also
deputy chief of the Beijing Municipal Bureau of Health, admitted that
weak enforcement is one reason why there has not been a general smoking
ban. "Some [regulations] have been merely a gesture, with little
effect," Mao told the Beijing Youth Daily ...
Chinese Cities Committed to Anti-Smoking Campaign
Ten more Chinese cities have agreed to implement smoking bans in line with World Health Organization recommendations days after health experts lamented the country's set-backs in tobacco control due to interference from the tobacco industry.
This brings the number of Chinese cities participating in the Tobacco Free Cities project, sponsored by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, to 17, project officials said Thursday.
China has the world's largest number of smokers and the culture of
smoking is especially prevalent in small cities, towns and rural areas.
No easy exit from China's tobacco culture
"Nothing can be easier than quitting smoking, you know, I've quit over a thousand times," said Mark Twain.
This black humor applies unfortunately well to China's situation.
It has been five years since China joined the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, but not only have smoking rights not dropped, the victims of second-hand smoke have increased by 200 million in the last three years.
Quitting smoking is difficult because of its addictive qualities. It's
especially difficult for long-term smokers, but what about a society
that is addicted to smoking? ...
Tobacco control necessary
More must be done to meet the obligations of the WHO Framework Convention and reduce secondhand smoking
Sunday marked the fifth anniversary of China's ratification of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. The treaty requires a comprehensive ban on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship, and prohibits smoking in the workplace and public places. But China has failed to meet the goals it agreed to. China is the world's largest producer and consumer of tobacco. It is estimated that approximately one in every three cigarettes smoked globally is made and consumed in China.
Rule of law sets the binding framework for all campaigns to curb tobacco
consumption in China. It is the government's obligation to provide public
services to prevent tobacco hazards, said Ma Huaide, vice-president
of China University of Political Science and Law. ...
To the disappointment of many, the government kept quiet on Sunday when it was supposed to execute a ban on smoking in all indoor public places in China.
The silence shows either indecisiveness on the part of the government or its unwillingness to cut down on its addiction to its revenue from tobacco.
Stopping people from smoking is difficult, some people point to how addictive cigarettes are; others say that they smoke because of the pressure of the smoking culture in the country - a saying goes that men who don't smoke work in vain to reach the top of the world - still others lay the blame on the legislators who have failed to legalize the ban on smoking.
All these fail to reach the heart of the matter. ...
Misses Deadline for Total Indoor Smoking Ban
A lack of state-level legislation, ineffective administration, low-priced cigarettes and deep-rooted tobacco culture have prevented China from meeting its deadline today for a total nationwide smoking ban in all public places, Xinhua New Agency reports.
As a signatory of the Word Trade Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), China promised to enact a total ban on smoking in all enclosed public places and workplaces nationwide by January 9, 2011. ...
tobacco profits undermine anti-smoking push
BEIJING China's addiction to huge revenues from its state-owned tobacco monopoly is hindering anti-smoking measures, potentially costing millions of lives in the country with the world's largest number of smokers, experts warned Thursday.
The health and other costs of smoking already exceed the tobacco industry's economic contributions by at least $9 billion, said a report prepared by a group of prominent Chinese public health experts and economists.
If trends continue, by 2030 an estimated 3.5 million Chinese will die from smoking each year - three times the current level, it said, citing China's failure to take basic measures such as passing a national law to ban smoking in indoor public places and raising the price of cigarettes. ...
warned of surge in deaths from smoking
CHINA'S tobacco industry is foiling efforts to control smoking and state leaders must give stronger support to measures to control tobacco use, an international panel of experts said in a report yesterday.
It is estimated that about 3.5 million Chinese will die each year from tobacco-related illnesses by 2030, three times the current level, according to the report.
The health consequences of the tobacco epidemic are serious in China and smoking has become the top killer of the Chinese population, said the report, a joint assessment by a group of Chinese and foreign health experts and economists.
The report said an absence of government responsibility is the fundamental reason for the inadequate effectiveness of tobacco control in China.
The tobacco industry has resisted raising cigarette prices and using
pictorial health warnings and had even infiltrated bodies set up to
control smoking, reducing their effectiveness, the report said ...
launches overall smoking ban in public places
According to the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) of
WHO, which was signed in 2003, all indoor public places in mainland
China have to enforce a smoking ban from Jan 1st, 2011.
Smoking Ban Stubbed Out
One Chinese citys bold attempt to ban indoor smoking seems to have gone up in smoke.
Nanchang, a city about 800 kilometers southwest of Shanghai, was scheduled
to vote this past Friday that would have banned indoor smoking in all
public places as well as restaurants, bars and offices. As China Real
Time reported last week, the law would have been the toughest of its
kind, resulting in fines of 50 yuan, or $7.55, for individual violators
and up to 5,000 yuan for company owners failing to enforce the law.
Global Times (cn), 2010-12-27
Yan Shuang * Source: Global Times
Smoking will be banned in all public places within the next five years, although regulation specifics may not be worked out anytime soon, according to the city's health authorities.
The municipal health bureau announced Friday that all indoor public
places in the city are expected to be smoke-free by 2015.
Pinpin Zheng, Weixia Li, Simon Chapman, Zhixing Zhang, Junling Gao, Hua Fu
Tob Control 2011;20 58-63
plans health reforms to change smoking culture
Like Chongzhen, modern China is also at war, but this time the enemy is tobacco and it is estimated to kill a million Chinese each year, says Yang Gonghuan, deputy head of China's National Tobacco Control Office.
And, like the old emperor, the government today must weigh up conflicting interests: as it extends healthcare insurance across the population, at what point do the economic and medical costs of smoking-related illnesses outweigh the financial benefits of the tobacco industry? . . .
However, the ministry that sells tobacco also oversees the implementation of the anti-tobacco treaty, she says.
"It's like a bunch of foxes in the chicken coop discussing how
to protect the chickens." ...
for smoke-free China
EXPERTS said China should boost tobacco-control efforts so it can fulfill its pledge to the World Health Organisation to ban smoking in indoor public places by January.
'There's a lot to be done to live up to our promise to the World Health Organisation. Most fundamentally, we need a detailed national tobacco-control plan for governments at all levels across the country to act on,' Huang Jinrong, associate researcher of the Institute of Law of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, told Xinhua Sunday. ..
Exposure to Secondhand Smoke and Its Association With Respiratory Symptoms--A
Cross-sectional Study Among Workers in Shanghai.
Expo's "smoke-free" goal accomplished: WHO
BEIJING, Oct. 29 (Xinhua) -- The goal of a smoke-free Shanghai World Expo has been achieved, the World Health Organization (WHO) and China's Ministry of Health said Friday.
China fulfilled its tobacco-control promise at the six-month Shanghai
Expo, the two organizations said after a joint inspection of the Expo
site on Oct. 20 and 21 ...
"Give me an ash tray," Mr. Wu said to a waiter in a restaurant in the south China city of Guangzhou. As he surveyed the menu, he routinely lit up a cigarette, but this time a waiter quickly intervened, "Sorry, sir, no smoking here."
Since a local smoking-control law came into effect on September 1 in Guangzhou, the capital city of Guangdong Province, smoking has been prohibited in public places such as parks, amusement parks, Internet bars, cafes, airports, railway stations, stadiums and offices. In other words, local smokers can only smoke in the streets, their homes and limited public areas.
Lawmakers implanted the ban to have a smoke-free Asian Games, and also
to move toward the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, the first
global treaty on cigarette control in the world. China signed the treaty
in 2003, and promised that from January 2011, smoking would be strictly
prohibited in all indoor public and working places, public vehicles
and some outdoor public areas ...
The 2010 Shanghai World Expo is the first of its kind to implement a series of measures to create a smoke-free environment.
These include prohibiting lighters and matches at the Expo park, prohibiting staff from smoking indoors, sending volunteers into the park to discourage visitors and staff from smoking, introducing a no-smoking policy in the pavilions and barring souvenir shops from selling tobacco products.
The organizers of the Expo even declined a 200-million-yuan (US$30 million) sponsorship deal from a tobacco company last July.
Sarah England, who oversees the Tobacco Free Initiative at the World Health Organization in China, said last Thursday at a seminar reviewing tobacco control efforts at the Expo that Shanghai has done a good job in holding a "Smoke-free Expo." . . .
Sarah England said the smoke-free Expo set a good example and proved
that a smoke-free environment could be achieved in China. ...
takes Expo as an opportunity to enhance tobacco control work
SHANGHAI, Oct. 22 (Xinhua) -- Zhou Di, a waitress at a restaurant in the World Exposition park, has mixed feelings about her past six months.
As a heavy smoker, at first Zhou found it very difficult to work at the park since strict anti-smoking measures had been enforced.
"I can only smoke in one of the designated areas one hundred meters away, but since I was pretty busy at work, I was forced to smoke less," she said.
However, as time passed, she gradually became accustomed to it.
"I used to smoke every day, but now I have one cigarette about every three to five days," said the 22-year-old.
The 2010 Shanghai World Expo is the first of its kind to pursue a "Smoke-free Expo", by implementing a series of measures to create a smoke-free environment. These include prohibiting lighters and matches at the Expo park, prohibiting staff from smoking indoors, sending volunteers into the park to discourage visitors and staff from smoking, introducing a no-smoking policy in the pavilions and barring souvenir shops from selling tobacco products.
In fact, the organizers of the Expo declined a 200-million-yuan (about
30 million U.S. dollars) sponsorship deal from a tobacco company in
July 2009 ...
Smoke Targeted in Tough Draft Law in NE China
Smoking will be banned in all indoor public places in the northeast China city of Harbin under proposals for China's first local law to target "second-hand smoke."
The draft law outlines penalties for smokers who light up in public or work places and affect others with their smoke, said a spokesperson for the municipal government of Harbin, capital of Heilongjiang Province.
The highest fine would be 2,000 yuan (about 300 U.S. dollars), making it the harshest fine for a smoking offense in China, a smoking control seminar heard Monday when the draft law was announced.
Considering the reality of tobacco controls in China, the draft "Harbin
Second-hand Smoking Control Law" would be practical to implement,
said Yang Gonghuan, director of the National Tobacco Control Office
under the Chinese Center for Diseases Control and Prevention (China
in Smoking and Quitting in China From 1993 to 2003: National Health
Service Survey Data.
Struggles to Curtail Public Smoking
Beijing authorities have announced tougher bans on smoking at schools and prohibited tobacco advertising and have instructed teachers to not smoke in front of students. The ban is a part of national anti-smoking measures taking effect.
There are 301 million adult smokers in China, overwhelmingly men, and their habit affects the health of another 540 million people passively exposed to cigarette smoke.
The World Health Organization has estimated that a third of the world's cigarettes are smoked in China. A study released this month by the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project found that 1.1 million Chinese die annually from tobacco-related illnesses, a toll that is expected to rise to 2 million by 2020.
The International Tobacco Control study also found that Chinese cigarettes contain three times the levels of lead, cadmium and arsenic as cigarettes in Canada. Despite government efforts, less the 70% of smokers recognize a link to lung cancer, and just 36 percent know that it contributes to coronary heart disease. ...
of the International Tobacco Control (ITC) China Survey
factors associated with intentions to quit smoking among
smoking in China: findings from the ITC China Survey
knowledge and perception of risks among Chinese smokers and
cross-sectional study on levels of second-hand smoke in restaurants
and bars in five cities in China
factors associated with smoking behaviour in recreational venues:
for smoke-free policies among smokers and non-smokers in six cities
in China: ITC China Survey
sold in China: design, emissions and metals
about the relative harm of "light" and "low tar"
of less expensive cigarettes in six cities in China: findings from the
of tobacco health warnings in China compared with picture and text-only
health warnings from other countries: an experimental study
of Tobacco Control Advocacy Behavioural Capacity Among Students at Schools
of Public Health in China
spouse would help Asian women live longer: study
WASHINGTON A study believed to be the first to examine the multiplier effect of good habits on mortality in Asian women has found that husbands who smoke at home are shortening their wives' lives.
The study also found that Chinese women with lots of healthy habits tend to live longer than their compatriot peers with less healthy lifestyles.
Researchers led by Sarah Nechuta of Vanderbilt University in the United States used data from the Shanghai Women's Health Study, which gathered information on more than 71,000 non-smoking, non-drinking Chinese women aged 40-70 years between 1996 and 2000, and created a healthy lifestyle score.
The score was based on five factors known to be associated with mortality -- weight, waist-to-hip ratio, whether the woman exercised regularly, exposure to second-hand smoke, and fruit and vegetable intake.
The more healthy habits a woman had, the higher her score, while having no or few healthy habits gave her a low score.
The women in the study were followed up for around nine years, during
which 2,860 of them died, 1,351 of cancer and 775 of cardiovascular
introduces 'tough' $7 anti-smoking fines
BEIJING - Chinas toughest ever smoking ban which aims to stop people lighting up during Novembers Asian Games will carry fines of $7, state media said on Wednesday, a limited deterrent to smokers in one of Chinas richest cities.
People found smoking in offices, conference halls, elevators and certain other public spaces will be fined 50 yuan ($7.36), though businesses not meeting their obligations will be fined up to 30,000 yuan, the official Xinhua news agency said, calling it the nations toughest smoking ban.
Guangzhou is one of Chinas wealthiest cities, with a per capita GDP of more than $10,000, so individual 50 yuan fines are unlikely to have much impact on most residents unless there are armies of enforcers combing the city.
The fines may be raised in the future though, Xinhua added. ...
Smoking Restrictions in China: Results From a Six County Survey.
smoking" Law Comes into Effect in Guangzhou
A local smoking-control law came into effect Wednesday in Guangzhou, the capital of south China's Guangdong Province.
The law covers all of Guangzhou City. There, smoking in most public places, like offices, conference rooms, halls and elevators, is strictly prohibited.
Places of business larger than 150 square meters or having more than 75 seats may designate an area for smokers.
Those who break the law will be fined 50 yuan (about 7.35 U.S. dollars) and businesses not meeting their obligations will be fined up to 30,000 yuan.
However, some doubt the law is enforceable.
"Who is the enforcement agency and how do they collect evidence of smoking?" said a pedestrian on a street.
"A quick smoke can take less than one minute. How can an enforcement agency come in such little time?" a different pedestrian asked a Xinhua reporter. ...
tobacco ban catches fire
Less than 2 percent of public venues inspected by local health authorities have had problems implementing the citywide smoking ban that took effect on March 1.
That is a sign the law has seen initial success, health authorities said on Tuesday.
Shanghai's health authorities inspected more than 73,000 public venues in the first four months of the ban, and 1,345 places had various problems and were ordered to make changes.
Meanwhile, 66 venues have either been warned or fined for their failure
to comply with changes, health authorities said. ...
anti-tobacco efforts failing, officials say
A survey of more than 13,000 people earlier this year found no significant improvement in the country's smoking rate since 2002, China's CDC said in a joint statement released Tuesday with the World Health Organization and the United States CDC.
The survey also found that 72.4 percent of nonsmokers reported being exposed to secondhand smoke. Though China has pledged to make indoor public places, workplaces and public transport smoke-free by early next year, 63 percent of those surveyed said they had seen people smoking in public places or at work in the 30 days before they were interviewed.
"There has been no substantive improvement in the smoking rate
or exposure to secondhand smoke," Yang Gonghuan, deputy director
of China's CDC, was quoted as saying. ...
A tobacco usage survey of Chinese people released on Tuesday shows a big increase in the rate of exposure to secondhand smoke among Chinese people. The rate jumped from 53 percent in 2002 to about 73 percent in 2010.
A boy lights a cigarette for his father on May 26 in Shaoyang, Hunan province. [China Daily]
The survey in China done by Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) was conducted from December last year through March, covering more than 13,000 people over the age of 15.
Nearly 770 million non-smokers are exposed to secondhand smoke, the survey said.
"It seems that little improvement was made in the exposure to secondhand smoke," said Yang Gonghuan, director of the tobacco control office of the CDC.
According to the survey, more than 58 percent of non-smokers noticed smoking in government buildings, which ranked second in the type of buildings that had public smoking. Restaurants were in first place.
"The exposure rate in China is increasing sharply and the number is amazing," said Douglas Bettcher, director of the WHO Tobacco Free Initiative. ...
Chinese Don't Know Smoking Causes Lung Cancer, Survey Finds
A new survey reveals the immense challenge facing China as it tries to reduce smoking in the worlds most tobacco-addicted country.
Less than a quarter of the Chinese population believes smoking causes disease like lung cancer, and fewer than one-sixth of the countrys 301 million smokers plan to kick the habit, according to a survey conducted this year by the Chinese government and the World Health Organization, The Wall Street Journal reports.
Thirty-eight percent of respondents said they have seen others smoking
in health-care centers, despite a ban on lighting up, while seven of
10 non-smokers said they have been exposed to second-hand smoke in a
typical week, AFP reports. ...
Smoking Habit: Inhaling the Numbers
A key to battling any addiction, as they say, is to admit the problem.
Beijing has now taken its most critical look yet at its national smoking habit, with the help of the World Health Organization.Its findings are gagging.
Over half of Chinas men smoke (about 2.4% of women do); Chinas
301 million adult smokers usually started before age 20; machinists
and farmers are about twice as likely to smoke as teachers; less than
a quarter smoker or not think smoking causes diseases
like lung cancer; 50% pay less than 75 cents a pack; warning labels
usually didnt trigger thoughts of quitting; fewer than one-sixth
plan to kick the habit; a third who tried to quit failed; over two-thirds
say smoking is permitted in their home; second-hand smoke affects 70%
of nonsmokers. ...
grassroots battle for smoking-control
Wu Yiqun, 64, deputy director of Thinktank, a Beijing-based NGO mainly dealing with public health issues in China, was requesting that two sturdy men show their reporter IDs at Thursday's seminar. . . .
Wu is a former deputy director of the Center for Disease Control (CDC) in China. After her retirement from CDC, she has devoted herself to smoking-control for almost ten years. Smart as a Shanghainee, Wu shows it in her work.
"I spotted them once they came into the hall. You can see from their face and their unprofessional behaviour. I cannot say they are sent by tobacco industries, but we have been harassed by unidentified men several times," said Wu.
Thursday, the organization held a seminar to plan their opposition to tobacco- sponsored advertisements, which is spreading in China. . . .
Under the World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco
Control (FCTC), which China ratified in 2005, the country will ban all
types of tobacco advertising and promotion by 2011. ...
volunteers enforce smoke-free zones
... In addition to enhancing health care and disease control inside the Expo zone, Shanghai health authorities will introduce some 300 volunteers to guide visitors to smoke only in designated places.
So far the authorities have renovated the 28 designated smoking spots,
adding shelter and benches. Public no-smoking education and staff training
will be strengthened to honor the promise of a smoke-free Expo, officials
It's supposed to be a smoke-free Expo.
The World Expo guide states that lighters and matches are forbidden from the site. It also says smokers shall smoke in designated areas.
But the designated areas are difficult to find. They're neither on a map nor known to many volunteers or staff.
In the confusion, many people smoke around the trash cans, which have caught on fire.
Italian visitor Antonio Ricci, a student and chain smoker, is one among the puzzled.
"I know that lighters are forbidden, so I didn't bring any with me," Ricci told Shanghai Daily. "Then I get into the park just to find people smoking all over the place, yet I have heard from some of friends that the entire Expo is supposed to be smoke free.
"I'm so confused. I haven't seen any smoking areas on the map
and I've found nothing on my way walking from Zone C to Zone A. So can
I smoke or not? Where and how on the earth??" ...
official clarifies smoking ban report
Levy huge fines on smokers and eateries
AS part of the obligations under the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), the Ministry of Health issued a press release recently, announcing that starting from 2011, smoking in all public places will be banned.
While I hail the Ministry's courage and determination to take on the tobacco industry, the thought of Don Quixote taking on the windmill can't help crossing my mind. . . .
How the tobacco industry shrugs off the Ministry of Health's new anti-smoking initiative can be found in a statement, at a recent Chinese Peoples' Political Consultative Conference meeting, by Mr Zhang Zhengbao, the deputy bureau chief of China's Tobacco Bureau, the industry's highest regulatory body.
When responding to the anti-smoking issue, he bluntly said that too much effort on banning smoking is likely to have an adverse impact on social stability.
And the Tobacco Bureau is indeed thinking big. Within days of the Ministry of Health's press release, the Bureau issued its own press release about a blueprint of the industry's growth in the next five years. In it, it says that China needs to establish 12 leading cigarette brands with a combined revenue exceeding 700 billion yuan. . . .
insists will make good on smoking ban pledge
BEIJING China, the world's biggest consumer of tobacco, has insisted it will honour a pledge to ban smoking in public places by 2011 in accordance with an international treaty, state media said Tuesday.
The health ministry said it intended to implement a plan to prohibit smoking from next year in all indoor public places and offices, as well as on trains and buses, the Global Times reported.
Senior ministry official Yang Qing said the goal had been set in accordance with the World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, which came into force in early 2005. China ratified it that same year.
The treaty calls for signatory nations to put in place "effective legislation" and other measures which provide for "protection from exposure to tobacco smoke" in indoor public places.
But one activist and an official at a government agency raised doubts that the rules could be implemented in a country where more than a quarter of the population smokes.
"Law enforcement is not in place, so regulations exist in name only," the Global Times quoted Yang Gonghuan, deputy director of the China Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, as saying.
Wu Yiqun, deputy director of the anti-smoking advocacy group Thinktank, said she believed the chances of a nationwide ban working were slim, the China Daily reported ...
ministry bans smoking in its building
Smoking will no longer be allowed inside the building of the Ministry of Health from May 31, making it the country's first central government department to ban smoking indoors.
A working group led by Health Minister Chen Zhu has been formed to strictly implement the ban inside the 19-story building, Yang Qing, a division director of the ministry, told a regular news briefing on Monday.
"The latest initiative is actually part of the goal announced
previously to ban smoking indoors at health institutions and administrations
nationwide by the end of 2011," Yang said. ...
to ban smoking in indoor public places in 2011
China is set to implement a ban on smoking in all indoor public places including workplaces and public transport vehicles from January 2011.
Yang Qing, Director General of the Department of Maternal and Child Health and Community Health at China's Ministry of Health (MOH) says that the ban is being carried out according to the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control ...
bans smoking in hospitals
China's Ministry of Health today banned smoking in hospitals but health
advocates and anti-smoking activists say a promised national ban on
smoking in public places has yet to take shape. ...
bans smoking in public places
The Standing Committee of Guangzhou People's Congress passed a draft
regulation on Wednesday where smoking in workplaces and other public
places is expected to be banned under the tobacco-control regulation
in Guangzhou, capital of Guangdong Province. ...
indoors banned at World Expo site
SHANGHAI, April 19 (Xinhua) -- Smoking indoors will be banned with smoking outside restricted at the World Expo site in Shanghai.
Smoking would be banned inside pavilions, but there would be designated outdoor smoking areas, said Huang Jianzhi, deputy director of Shanghai World Expo Coordination Bureau.
And since lighters were not allowed to be taken into the Expo site, they would be provided at the designated areas, Huang said.
"Many people had called for a smoking-free Expo, but after considering
international conventions and China's legislature, we believe that we
should take some anti-smoking measures but not make a total ban,"
said Huang. ...
Yang, L.; Tong, E.K.; Mao, Z.; Hu, T.W., "Exposure to secondhand smoke and associated factors among non-smoking pregnant women with smoking husbands in Sichuan Province, China," Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica 89(4): 549-557, April 2010.
of kids swimming in 2nd-hand smoke
Health experts in Shanghai are calling for more protection for young children as the latest research shows about half of the youngsters are suffering from secondhand smoke.
About 45 percent of children suffer passive smoking in families, 50 percent in public places, and almost 6 percent on public transportation, shows a research released by the Shanghai Children's Medical Center on Tuesday.
"Not only adults but also children and newborn babies are at risk for the adverse effects of passive smoking," said Tang Jingyan, a doctor at the Shanghai Children's Medical Center. . . .
"Though doctors have stressed the harm of passive smoking over and over, it is still hard to reach a totally 'smoke free' home," said a pediatrician named Zhang Yiwen, noting that parents are often tempted to smoke even though they have learned the harmful effects of secondhand smoke. . . .
Other research by the Shanghai Children's Medical Center has found
that more than 80 percent of child patients in the center live in a
smoke-filled household, where one or both parents smoke. ...
Kong: a model of successful tobacco control in China
China was a signatory to the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control and is committed to its enforcement. Nevertheless, the country faces an immense public health challenge and is at an early stage of effectively addressing the tobacco threat.
A bright spot for tobacco control can be found in Hong Kong, a Special
Administrative Region of China. For more than 20 years, Hong Kong has
sought to diminish the health burden of tobacco use, and has been remarkably
successful.3 The strategies and approaches used, although typical of
effective tobacco-control programmes worldwide, might serve as a useful
best-practice example for programmes underway or being considered in
other cities and regions throughout China. Beginning with a health ordinance
focusing on tobacco in 1982, Hong Kong started a step-by-step approach
to tobacco control involving multipronged strategies aimed at reduction
of supply and demand for tobacco use. Approaches have included legislative
amendments, increased tobacco taxation, publicity and education, support
for cessation, and gearing up of anti-tobacco leadership by the medical
community.4 . . .
Nearly one in three smokers worldwide lights up in China, where cigarettes - commonly given as gifts - are so tightly woven into the culture, some believe it's an impossible habit to kick. But a new report suggests the keys to quitting lie in the country's own backyard.
Hong Kong has successfully fought tobacco for two decades and seen its smoking rate drop from 23 percent in 1982 when the campaign began to 12 percent in 2008 - the lowest in the world. The former British colony, now under Chinese rule, hit cigarettes hard with taxes up to 300 percent, banned indoor smoking and promoted education through schools and public service announcements - proving that smoking and Chinese culture aren't necessarily married for life.
"We all learn from shared experiences. The U.S. tobacco program has learned from Australia, Canada and others," said Jeffrey Koplan, from Emory Global Health Institute in Atlanta, who wrote a commentary published online Friday in The Lancet medical journal. "Hong Kong is very relevant to Chinese conditions, and the big lesson for all of us to learn is that effective health promotion programs are multidimensional." ...
ban to be implemented in Xiamen hospitals
lifts smoking ban in offices
The Guangzhou Municipal People's Congress is about to lift the smoking
ban in work places, including offices, conference rooms and auditoriums.
The draft also relaxes the ban in restaurants, where smoking was previously completely prohibited. Now Guangzhou smokers can enjoy a puff in restaurants smaller than 150 square meters or has a seating capacity of less than 75 seats.
"Smoking should be banned in workplaces like offices and conference
rooms. I don't want my fellow workers to become second-hand ...
China colleges to offer anti-smoking courses
HANGZHOU - Thirteen Chinese medical colleges will introduce smoking control courses into their curriculum amid efforts to help raise public awareness about the dangers of smoking.
It will be the first time that Chinese universities have offered such courses, Shen Huahao, vice dean of the School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, said Tuesday.
The school is among the 13 medical colleges, including Peking Union
Medical College and medical schools at Peking University and Fudan University.
Advisor Calls for Smoke-free Two Sessions
A member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) has called for a smoking ban at the annual "two sessions", namely the CPPCC and the National People's Congress, to better promote tobacco control nationwide.
Jin Dapeng, the former chief of Beijing's Health Bureau and the current head of the Beijing Medical Association, raised the proposal during a panel discussion, the "Shenzhen Special Zone Daily" reports.
China is the world's largest tobacco producing and consuming nation.
It is also one of the worst-damaged countries influenced by the tobacco
industry. In China, about one million people die of smoking-related
diseases each year. Smoking not only damages the health of smokers themselves,
but also the people around them. To make matters worse, smokers place
heavier burdens on the country's healthcare system, Jin said. ...
smoking ban starts... today!
The city's first smoking ban, which we followed from the time it was a wee bit of an idea to when it began being enforced against certain (underage) people, has officially taken effect for everyone today. The new law gives those who smoke in public places fines from 50RMB to 200RMB.
Much like the smoking clampdown Beijing experienced just before the Olympics, this Shanghai ban extends to 12 types of public venues, including schools, hospitals, supermarkets and elevators. It also requires karaoke bars, dance halls and restaurants to set up designated smoking and non-smoking areas.
Even though the ban IS now in place though, the chances of you actually
being hit with that 50RMB to 200RMB fine are apparently pretty low.
gears up to police strong smoking bans
Smoking will be banned in certain public areas in Hangzhou, such as hospitals, supermarkets, bars and on buses, from March 1. People will be entitled to stop others smoking or lighting cigarettes in public places and offenders will be liable to a fine of 50 yuan (US$7.32).
The ban will operate as a result of the recently approved "The Bylaw on Smoking Control in Public Areas of Hangzhou" passed by the Standing Committee of Hangzhou Municipal People's Congress and Standing Committee of Zhejiang Provincial People's Congress.
The bylaw forbids not only smoking but also holding a burning cigarette, cigar or pipe. ...
danger highest in Internet cafes
SECOND-HAND smoke in Shanghai Internet cafes is seven times more dangerous than in outdoor public spaces, putting users at risk of pneumonia and asthma, Fudan University researchers said today.
And restaurant workers were 7.5 times more likely to develop respiratory diseases than kindergarten staff, according to their research from the School of Public Health.
They measured tiny particulate matter, smaller than 2.5 micrometers, in Internet cafes and found the air seven times denser than that in the outdoors.
Researchers studied 3,500 people from seven industries in a Smoke-Free
Shanghai Campaign before smoking bans come into force on March 1. ...
hopes for "healthy Expo"
BEIJING, Jan. 22 -- More than 90 percent of residents interviewed for a poll are hoping for the first- ever smoke-free World Expo in the history of the 159-year-old mega event, which kicks off in Shanghai on May 1. ...
to receive smoking checkups
Experts say public compliance more important than punishment
An independent special taskforce will be established to conduct surprise checks at medical institutions, including hospitals and health administrations, across China this year to enforce the ban on smoking, the Ministry of Health (MOH) announced on Monday.
The latest initiative came amid the country's ongoing battle against the use of tobacco, which claims 1 million Chinese lives every year.
The MOH aims to turn "at least half of the medical institutions nationwide" smoke-free before the end of the year, and include all of them by 2011. ...
cities set to order ban on smoking
To protect people from exposure to secondhand smoke, seven cities in China will take the first steps in creating legislation on stopping smoking at public venues and workplaces.
Under the project, jointly held by the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease(UNION), the cities - Tianjin, Chongqing, Shenyang, Harbin, Nanchang, Lanzhou and Shenzhen will implement a smoking ban in public and in workplaces. ...
Tobacco Use and Indicators of Metabolic Syndrome in Chinese Adults
rooms cost millions of lives
It's hard for me to eat outside in China. Even during a holiday season,
at a family get-together in a restaurant, part of me wants to stay at
The problem of second-hand smoke is a daily toil for non-smokers, as
Chinese restaurants are common meeting places with friends, colleagues
Cross Sectional Study on Levels of Secondhand Smoke in Restaurants and
Bars in Five Cities in China.
OBJECTIVES: To assess indoor secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure in restaurants and bars via PM2.5 level measurements in five cities in China. METHODS: The study was conducted from July to September in 2007 in Beijing, Xi fan, Wuhan, Kunming, and Guiyang. TSI SIDEPAK AM510 Personal Aerosol Monitors were used to measure PM2.5 concentrations in 404 restaurants and bars. The occupant density and the active smoker density were calculated for each venue sampled. RESULTS: Among the 404 surveyed venues, 23 had complete smoking bans, 9 had partial smoking bans, and 313 (77.5%) had smoking observed during sampling. The geometric mean of indoor PM2.5 levels in venues with smoking observed was 208microg/m3, and 99microg/m3 in venues without observed smoking. When outdoor PM2.5 levels were adjusted, indoor PM2.5 levels in venues with smoking observed were consistently significantly higher than in venues without smoking observed (F=80.49, p < 0.001). Indoor PM2.5 levels were positively correlated with outdoor PM2.5 levels (partial rho=0.37 p <0.001) and active smoker density (partial rho=0.34, p <0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Consistent with findings in other countries, PM2.5 levels in smoking places are significantly higher than those in smoke-free places and are strongly related to the number and density of active smokers. These findings document the high levels of SHS in hospitality venues in China and point to the urgent need for comprehensive smoke-free laws in China to protect the public from SHS hazards, as called for in Article 8 of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, which was ratified by China in 2005.
Smoking and Aortic Arch Calcification in Older Chinese Never Smokers:
The Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study.
to ban smoking in public places
Beijing will implement a new law to ban smoking in public places in 2010, which means there will be no more smoking zones and non-smoking areas in restaurants and other public places.
According to Cui Xiaobo, deputy secretary-general of the Beijing Association
on Tobacco Control,one of the people who drafted the New Law of Beijing
Smoke Control, said on December 15, if everything goes well, the rules
on banning smoking in public places in the capital will be passed by
the Standing Committee of Beijing Municipal Peoples Congress.
The new law will end the use of smoking zones in hotels, restaurants,
and buildings, and indicate that people should not smoke in public indoor
locations, except in ones home. ...
list extends to healthcare facilities
The Ministry of Health will make public a list of "smoke-free" healthcare facilities by the middle of next year to encourage public supervision, an official said yesterday.
All the listed facilities and health administrations will be subject to public and media supervision, Li Xinhua, an official of the ministry in charge of smoking bans, told China Daily.
The measure is expected to facilitate tobacco control in China, where about 1 million people have reportedly died of smoking-related diseases. . . .
Yang Gonghuan, deputy director of the National Center of Disease Control of China, said at the third Nicotine Dependence Conference in Beijing last week that the tobacco industry generates a lot of tax and employs a large number of people, which is why progress in tobacco control is painfully slow.
Last year, the Ministry of Health decided to clean up its own offices before spreading the anti-smoking message to the rest of the nation. It announced a plan to ban smoking in all healthcare facilities and government-run health departments.
"It's the doctors who should take the lead in kicking the habit," an expert had said.
As a "mid-term goal, all health administrations and half of the country's healthcare facilities should be smoke-free by the end of 2010", the ministry said. ...
warned: Time nigh to butt out
MIDDLE school properties are included in areas of total smoking bans in Shanghai's first public tobacco control law that was passed by city lawmakers yesterday.
The law takes effect on March 1, 2010, before the start of the Shanghai World Expo next May and offenders face fines.
"We hope to improve the city's smoke control gradually after a long period of efforts," said Ding Wei, deputy director of the Commission of Legislative Affairs of the Shanghai People's Congress.
The inclusion of middle schools aims to protect more minors from being
endangered by passive smoking. ...
ban in public places in Shanghai to be enforced
The city's ban on smoking in public areas will be enforced beginning March 1, a draft amendment to the anti-smoking law approved by the city's top legislature showed on Thursday.
Following months of debate and repeated revisions by the Shanghai People's Congress, the Shanghai Public Places Smoking Control Law now clarifies and expands its scope. The new law also imposes fines on establishments that fail to obey the restrictions. . . .
Smoking will be prohibited at places including kindergartens, schools, hospitals, stadiums, public service places, shopping malls, libraries, theaters and museums.
Entertainment venues, public areas of hotels, airports and train/port stations should ban smoking indoors and provide a separate smoking area. The law stipulates that all separate smoking areas or rooms should be ventilated. ...
Smoking Deaths Seen Doubling in 10 Years
Seven Chinese cities -- Hangzhou, Shenyang, Tianjin, Nanchang, Shenzhen,
Lanzhou and Chongqing -- will enact smoke-free laws starting in 2010
to ban smoking ...
experts urge law to ban indoor smoking in the city
OFFICIALS from World Health Organization's China representative office and the state health authorities are urging Shanghai to issue a strict law banning indoor smoking throughout the city and to launch a tobacco-free Expo.
Shanghai, which is currently drafting anti-smoking legislation, should
turn the 2010 World Expo into a model for tobacco-free big events, experts
told the Shanghai International Seminar in Tobacco Control yesterday.
in Sichuan to go smoke-free
Come 2012, medical facilities in Sichuan will require you to step outside for your smoke break.
Today's Chengdu Evening News announced the start of an anti-smoking campaign intended to bring the province in line with the WHO's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. Twenty percent of the province's hospitals should go smoke-free by the end of this year, 50% by the end of 2010, and the rest by the end of 2011.
Conspicuous "no smoking" signs will go up, ash trays will be removed from conference rooms, and cigarette ads will be barred from hospital shops. Additionally, smoking will be incorporated into performance reviews for medical staff and their employers. ...
smoking ban moves step closer
Authorities in Shanghai have taken a further step towards implementing strict smoking restrictions in the city by the end of the year, local media reported yesterday.
The proposed legislation, the first of its kind in Shanghai, is being rushed through to ensure implementation ahead of the World Expo due to start in just over six months. Draft regulations published through state-sponsored media outlets yesterday flesh out proposals floated at a consultation forum last month. . . .
Internet cafes and large restaurants now face a total ban, in addition to places such as cinemas, museums, banks and airports. ...
ban puts focus on children
CITY lawmakers are expanding the scope of total bans on smoking in
the latest draft of Shanghai's first public tobacco control law.
The law, with fines for offenders, is expected to be enacted before the end of this year, well ahead of the start of the Shanghai World Expo next May.
The latest version of the draft released to the media yesterday has
incorporated suggestions from a public hearing held last month.
Lawmakers have now decided to make the Health Promotion Commission the chief overseer.
The commission will coordinate and supervise government departments to ensure the law is enforced.
To Ban Tobacco Sales To Vulnerable Groups
Guangzhou has prepared a tobacco control regulation which is pending approval by the city's National People's Congress standing committee.
The new regulation lists ten areas including hospitals, kindergartens, schools, and buses as tobacco-free areas and states that people smoking in these areas will be fined CNY50 and those who sell tobacco products to vulnerable groups such as teenagers and pregnant women will be fined CNY1,000.
The regulation states that operators of tobacco-free areas shall set up a sign in a prominent position showing that tobacco is prohibited in the area and those who place tobacco related products in tobacco-free areas will be ordered to desist or be fined from CNY3,000 to CNY5,000. ...
joins China anti-smoking drive
China's biggest sports star Yao Ming has joined a high profile anti-tobacco campaign aimed at persuading around 350 million Chinese smokers to kick the habit.
Named as an ambassador to the Chinese Association on Tobacco Control (CATC), the Houston Rockets' centre is expected to appear in new TV and poster adverts pushing the anti-smoking message, state media said. ...
Of Beijing Restauranteurs Support Smoking Ban
Liu Zejun, the director of the Beijing Aiguo Weisheng Commission, has disclosed to the media that Beijing will work out measures on the revision of the No Smoking Rule in 2010, after an evaluation is made before the end of 2009 on the results of the current smoking ban in the city.
Polls show that 84.37% of people in Beijing have shown support for the smoking ban in offices and public places.
In addition, the latest data shows that 73.15% of restaurant managers and staff have expressed their willingness to support a smoking-free food industry. Experts say this means that it's time for the city to draft laws on banning tobacco in public places and work places. ...
for complete smoking ban in karaoke bars
SHANGHAI legislators should completely ban smoking inside karaoke bars, restaurants, pubs and other entertainment venues, suggests the head of the city's cultural industry watchdog.
There should be no smoking rooms allowed inside these venues because a partial ban would make it difficult to enforce properly, said Lan Yiming, vice director of Shanghai Culture Market Administrative Law Enforcement Team, today. ...
ban likely for pubs, karaoke bars
SMOKING may be banned in pubs, Internet cafes and karaoke bars from January next year, according to a new draft law to control smoking in public areas.
Shanghai's first law controlling smoking was designed to protect the health of women and children, Oriental Morning Post reported today.
The draft law also bans smoking in schools and kindergartens, hospitals,
and most government departments. It suggests a smoking ban in restaurants
but won't ban the practice, the report said. ...
for Smoke Free Policies Among Smokers and Non-smokers in Six Cities
to ban lighting up in public
Under the proposal, smoking will be strictly banned in schools, hospitals, stadiums, libraries, theaters and museums.
Airports and train stations must set up ventilated smoking rooms.
Hotels and entertainment centers must ban smoking indoors or provide a separate smoking area. Government offices and State-owned enterprises must also set up non-smoking areas.
And while restaurants are encouraged to ban smoking or set up smoking areas, they are not required to do so. . . .
But legislator Zhang Aimin said the law fails to meet the goal set up by the Framework Pact of Tobacco Control, which China signed in 2003. According to the pact, all indoor public spaces in China will ban smoking by 2011.
"Higher penalties should be imposed on places that fail to apply the ban," he said. ...
may become China's first city to ban smoking in public places
Shanghai may become one of the first Chinese cities to ban smoking in public places. A smoking ban is supposed to be implemented in the city by the end of the year. How strict it will be, depends on city lawmakers who are set to discuss a draft that outlines several options which could be adopted.
The draft includes four types of smoking bans: The most strict bans smoking both indoors and outdoors in kindergartens, schools and hospitals and public transportation waiting areas. Venues such as restaurants, gyms, and work places would be required to set up designated smoking areas. While owners of other public venues would be required to adopt their own smoking bans.
Officials say more discussions are needed on how to divide space in restaurants and hotels. ...
Planning in 2018 before a total ban on smoking in public places
Before 2018, smoking in all public places throughout the city can no longer freely puff of. "Healthy Beijing - National Health Action Plan of the Decade" officially launched yesterday, with the exception of the city's total ban on smoking in public places . . .
Action in tobacco control, the city will improve tobacco control laws and regulations and related policies, increased tobacco control efforts in striving to achieve in 2018 the city's total ban on smoking in public places. ...
First Historic Efforts to Develop a Tobacco Control Advocacy Workforce
Via Schools of Public Health
This paper provides an overview of a recent 18 month project which
set out for the first time to introduce training on tobacco control
into the curricula of public health courses in Chinese universities.
The aim was to produce graduates with appropriate knowledge and skills
to be effective in advocating for policies that could lead to the reduction
of tobacco use. Results from this initial project involving seven universities
have been encouraging and the new curriculum is to be implemented, with
some changes, on a wider scale throughout China. Each of the universities
also successfully introduced a smoke-free campus policy and the aim
is to extend this policy. ...
to drive anti-smoking initiative
Chinese doctors will join the country's anti-smoking campaign and become role models for the country's 350 million smokers under a recent initiative launched in Beijing by the Ministry of Health, China Medical Board (CMB) and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
The five-year-long China Medical Tobacco Initiative, designed exclusively for Chinese medical professionals, is aimed at building smoke-free campuses and smoke-free hospitals, promoting tobacco control in medical education and improving hospital services for those wanting to quit. ...
Unintended Consequences of Smoke-free Policies in Public Places on Pregnant
Women in China.
BACKGROUND: Smoke-free policies in public places have become more common
in China. Little is known, however, about the potential unintended consequences
of such policies on pregnant women. METHODS: The study was conducted
in 2006 in Chengdu, China. Nonsmoking pregnant women (N=55) whose husband
were smokers participated in a study of their knowledge about secondhand
smoke and smoke-free policies, their exposure to secondhand smoke, and
their husbands' smoking status at home. This study presents descriptive
statistics, analyses based on family income and pregnant women's education
level, and the findings of focus group discussions that examined the
potential unintended consequences of the smoke-free policies on pregnant
women. RESULTS: Exposure to secondhand smoke at home was reported by
69.1% of the pregnant women. Both family income and the education level
of the pregnant women had a significant (p<0.05) association with
exposure to secondhand smoke. The four main potential unintended consequences
of the smoke-free policies were: (1) increased exposure of pregnant
women to secondhand smoke at home; (2) reduced work efficiency; (3)
adverse effect on family harmony; and (4) poor air quality at home.
CONCLUSIONS: Education is needed to increase knowledge of secondhand
smoke among smokers and nonsmokers alike. When the smoking location
is shifted from public places and workplaces to home, women, and in
particular pregnant women, become the victims. Policymakers should recognize
such potential unintended consequences and take necessary measures to
increase awareness about the harms of secondhand smoke.
Ji, M.; Ding, D.; Hovell, M.F.; Xia, X.; Zheng, P.; Fu, H. , "Home smoking bans in an urbanizing community in China," American Journal of Preventive Medicine [Epub ahead of print], June 11, 2009.
cities join in to kick killer butt
After several bans on smoking in public places in most Chinese cities went up in smoke, Shanghai and Luoyang have expressed a desire to educate parents of the dangers of puffing away in front of their kids.
Shanghai and Luoyang are among six cities, including Wuxi (Jiangsu), Changsha (Hubei), Ningbo (Zhejiang) and Tangshan (Hebei), which joined Qingdao in a campaign called "Tobacco Free Cities" launched in the coastal capital of Shandong province yesterday.
The five-year program, funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, will provide the cities with funds to implement anti-smoking policies. Most of the seven cities that have joined the campaign already have smoking bans in place, but "hope to tighten controls and raise awareness" about the harmful effects of smoking.
Li Aihong, an official with the Luoyang disease prevention and control center, said her research found that 80 percent of people in her city are "forced to inhale second-hand smoke in their own homes". ...
to ban indoor smoking in public places
Macao Special Administrative Region (SAR) will amend its smoking-control law, banning indoor smoking in all public places, said Lei Chin Ion, director of the SAR's Health Bureau, on Sunday.
Aside from the banning of indoor smoking, new measures such as fixed penalty and image of warning posted on cigarette package will be adopted in the new law, said Lei, on the sideline of local "World No Tobacco Day" campaign. ...
hospitals ordered to kick the habit
China will ban smoking in all hospitals and medical facilities from
2011, the Health Ministry said on Friday, as the world's most populous
nation struggles to get its people to kick one of their favourite habits.
. . .
"Every department in every part of the nation must establish leading work groups to put into effect a smoking control framework," the ministry said in a statement on its website (www.moh.gov.cn ). ...
to raise maximum fine for smoking in public places to 200 yuan
The reporter learned on May 17 during a simulated court activity hosted
by Beijing Smoking & Health Association that the city is expected
to amend its provisions banning smoking in public places, and will appropriately
raise the maximum fine for individuals caught smoking illegally in public
places. Drafters of the proposed regulation amendment intend to raise
the upper limit of fines from the current amount of 10 yuan to somewhere
between 50 and 200 yuan. ...
smoke won't fly at airport restaurants
NERVOUS fliers now have a tougher time getting in that last nicotine fix before taking off from Shanghai's Hongqiao Airport, and non-smokers are breathing a little easier.
A new anti-smoking campaign bans tobacco use in all restaurants, toilets, offices and other public spaces inside the terminals. Businesses that violate the ban will be fined up to 1,000 yuan (US$147) every time the smell of tobacco smoke or other evidence such as a cigarette butt is discovered on their property.
Bigger, more prominent no-smoking signs began going up last week inside both terminal buildings, airport management said yesterday. ...
Smoking ban important
Of them all, one was particularly noteworthy. A deputy proposed a complete ban on public money being spent on tobacco.
The CPPCC member was also the first to suggest that smoking should be banned in all government offices and other venues.
She said that all government or Party departments should be prohibited from spending public money on tobacco and any such expenditure should be considered as an act of embezzling public fund.
Cigarettes should never be provided at any activity organized by the government or Party departments, the CPPCC member said. Of course, accepting cigarettes as gifts by government employees must be incriminated as an act of accepting a bribe. . .
China ratified the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in 2005 and was awarded the infamous Dirty Ashtray Award last year. The convention will take effect in two years in the country.
It is high time that we did something substantial. Let's start with government and Party organizations and their employees.
lawmakers press for smoking control
Lawmakers are pressing for tighter tobacco control to reduce smoking
prevalence in China, where a quarter of the population is smokers.
China joined the World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) in 2005, but has not yet had a national program for tobacco control so far, Ma noted.
"Tobacco control in China is of great importance to the endeavor in the whole world," Ma said. "The country should initiate a national control program to fulfill its commitment to the FCTC and to safeguard the health of the Chinese people."
Hospitals Begin To Control Smoking
From now until the end of January 2010, 2,800 clinicians from seven
hospitals in Beijing will work on controlling their cigarette smoking.
To realize a 100% smoking-free environment, the seven hospitals will put signs and bulletin boards at prominent areas . . .
In addition, each hospital will set up a smoking control technology and mental support team. . . .
By 2008, 217 hospitals in Beijing had joined the smoke-free campaign.
banning smoking from all indoor areas by 2011
Sorry, Shanghai smokers! The ban on smoking in public venues has now been extended to all indoor workplaces in an attempt to clear the city's air of cigarette smoke by 2011. By indoor workplaces, they mean "all places with ceilings and at least three walls." So basically... everywhere.
Those hoping that all this means is a small partition between smoking and non-smoking zones are out of luck. The municipal health bureau specified that all areas will be completely and totally smoke-free in order to minimize second-hand smoke.
Prevalence of Household Secondhand Smoking Exposure and Its Correlated
Factors in 6 Counties of China
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence of and discuss the factors contributing to household secondhand smoke exposure in 6 counties of China, providing scientific support for the need to establish tobacco control measures in these areas. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey: Investigators conducted face-to-face interviews using a standardized questionnaire to collect information on demographics, passive smoking behaviors and knowledge, and attitudes towards tobacco control. SETTING: 6 counties from the 3 provinces. SUBJECTS: A total of 8,142 non-smokers (aged 18-69) in 2004 were included in the data analysis. Measure of household secondhand smoke exposure - Household secondhand smoke exposure rate as defined by the proportion of household passive smokers in a non-smokers population. RESULTS: The analysis on 8142 nonsmokers revealed that the household secondhand smoke exposure rate was 48.3%. 84.4% of 6972 respondents supported all the three tobacco control policies. In 3165 families with smokers, 87.2% of respondents reported that smokers would smoke in front of them. In 2124 families with both smokers and children, 76.5% of respondents reported that smokers would smoke in front of children. As many as 42.1% of non-smokers would offer cigarettes to their guests. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed high secondhand smoke exposure in the following demographic groups: Jiangxi Province inhabitants, females, low education level people, farmers, and married respondents. CONCLUSION: Household secondhand smoke exposure rates in the selected counties were high. A high percentage of respondents reported that smokers would smoke in front of them and children. The pressure from nonsmokers against smoking was relatively low, although offering cigarette was prevalent. Households that were completely smoking-free were rare, Further studies on these correlated factors could help us establish effective measures to reduce household secondhand smoke exposure.
Attributable to Smoking in China
Because many low- and middle-income countries are still in early stages
of the tobacco epidemic, the number of smoking-related deaths in these
nations will probably increase during the next decades.3,4,5
tobacco company accused of undermining China's anti-smoking efforts
Monique Muggli, a researcher at the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota in the
United States, and her colleagues published a research article based
on her finding on documents from British American Tobacco (BAT). . .
"As highly regulated markets continue to result in decreasing profits for transnational tobacco companies, they will look to less regulated markets in low to middle income countries," Dr. Kelley Lee at the London-based Center on Global Change and Health, co-author of the thesis, told Xinhua Friday via an email.
Olympic smoking ban stubbed out amid backlash
smoking affects about 540 mln Chinese
Passive smoking, especially in public place, has been a serious health problem in China, said Li Hengyuan, deputy secretary-general of the All-China Environment Federation (ACEF), a leading environmental non-governmental organization, here Tuesday.
Passive smoking, meaning involuntary inhalation of smoke from tobacco products, could increase the incidence of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases and even lead to lung cancer.
"The only way to protect the public from passive smoking is to completely ban smoking in public and working places," Li said.
Bars Exempted From Pre - Olympics Smoking Ban
Restaurants, bars and Internet cafes in Beijing have been exempted from a proposed public smoking ban in response to concerns expressed by business owners, state media said on Monday.
The venues will only be asked to separate smoking and non-smoking areas from May 1 as part of the new regulations, the China Daily said.
"Owners of Chinese restaurants -- both big and small -- worried the plan would hurt their business," the newspaper said, quoting a Beijing official.
May, no lighting up at most public places in capital
Beijing will ban smoking in most public places starting from May 1 - a big step toward tobacco control in a nation of 350 million smokers.
The move will also meet China's pledge of a smoke-free Olympics.
More than 150 Chinese cities already have limited restrictions in place, but the capital will be the first to ban smoking in all restaurants, offices and schools.
of environmental tobacco smoke on respiratory health of boys and girls from kindergarten:
results from 15 districts of northern China
We conclude that ETS exposure increases the occurrence of
respiratory symptoms and diseases during childhood. Boys may be more susceptible
to ETS than girls. Practical Implications Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) is
a highly prevalent respiratory irritant. In agreement with previous cross-sectional
studies, our study indicates that exposure to ETS may increase the occurrence
of respiratory symptoms and diseases in children, and the association of ETS exposure
and respiratory health of children increased in strength with number of cigarettes
smoked inside the house per day during workday and day-off. Boys may be more susceptible
to ETS than girls. These findings support the view that measures should be taken
to reduce ETS exposure for children.
burden of adult lung cancer and ischaemic heart disease from
Conclusion: Even without considering the passive smoking risks for other diseases and among children that have been documented in other countries, passive smoking poses serious health hazards for non-smokers, especially for adult female non-smokers in China, adding more urgency to the need for measures to be taken immediately to protect the health of non-smokers and curb the nations tobacco epidemic.
To Ban Smoking In Public Areas
Huangshan Municipal Government has recently issued a provisional measure on banning smoking from the public areas in Huangshan City and the new measure has already been put into force.
As the first of its kind in Anhui Province, the new measure says that smoking should be banned from such public places as museums, archive halls, cinemas, theaters, gymnasiums, shopping malls, clinics, classrooms, kindergartens and public transportation areas like buses and taxis. It says that smokers shall be punished for smoking in these areas.
to ban smoking in cabs
Beijing will enforce a smoking ban in cabs from October 1 in a move to help create a "non-smoking" Olympic Games in 2008.
Passengers and drivers both face fines if they are caught smoking in taxis, but the penalty amount is yet to be announced by municipal transportation and traffic administrations.
Local authorities, including the Health Bureau, Transportation Administration Bureau, and Transportation Law Enforcement General Team, would jointly launch the public promotion of smoke-free cabs on Sunday, said Zhang Junru, of the Beijing Center for Disease Control and Prevention.
Smoking Exposure and Risk of COPD Among Adults in China: The Guangzhou Biobank
Smoking Could Cause 1.9 Million Excess Deaths From COPD In China
Exposure to passive smoking is linked to increased prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This association could cause 1.9 million excess deaths* among never smokers in China. These are the conclusions of authors of an Article in this week's edition of The Lancet.
Dr Peymané Adab and Professor K K Cheng, University of Birmingham, UK and colleagues from the Hong Kong School of Public Health and Guangzhou 12th Hospital used data from the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study to do their research. They studied 20,430 men and women over age 50 years recruited between 2003-06. A total of 15379 never smokers were included in this analysis.
They found that people exposed to high levels of passive smoking (equivalent to 40 hours a week for more than five years) were on average 48% more likely to develop COPD.
in China: No Smoke-Free Zones
from Asia comes from Beijing. Here's a fact of dubious distinction about China:
One in three cigarettes smoked in the world is smoked here. This is not a country
of smoke-free zones, or in most cases, of even smoke-free parts of restaurants.
tobacco smoke in public places in urban and rural China
Smoke Affects 600 Million in China
A Chinese lawmaker estimates that 600 million of his countrymen are exposed to secondhand smoke, Xinhua reported March 3.
Chen Guiyen, a deputy of the 10th National People's Congress, is calling for a nationwide ban on smoking in indoor public spaces. "According to my estimation based on a survey, nearly 600 million Chinese suffer from passive smoking, which occurs in 71 percent of Chinese households, 32.5 percent of public places, and 25 percent of working places," Chen said. "It is imperative to create a no-smoking social environment and enhance the self-protection awareness of nonsmokers."
One of every three smokers in the world lives in China. The biggest victims of secondhand smoke are women and children; Chen said that up to 70 percent of professional women ages 20-49 in China are exposed to secondhand smoke, for instance.
Chinese airlines have banned smoking, but it remains prevalent in most restaurants, movie theaters, offices, and in railway stations, despite posted "no smoking" signs.