Argentina Heart Studies


Konfino, J.; Ferrante, D.; Mejia, R.; Coxson, P.; Moran, A.; Goldman, L.; Perez-Stable, E.J., “Impact on cardiovascular disease events of the implementation of Argentina's national tobacco control law,” Tobacco Control 23(2): e6, March 2014.

A study published in the journal Tobacco Control estimated the reductions in heart attacks and strokes in Argentina, if the country were to fully implement its smokefree air law. The authors wrote, "In the period 2012–2020, 7500 CHD deaths, 16 900 myocardial infarctions and 4300 strokes could be avoided with the full implementation and enforcement of this law. Annual per cent reduction would be 3% for CHD deaths, 3% for myocardial infarctions and 1% for stroke. If a tobacco price increase is implemented the projected avoided CHD deaths, myocardial infarctions and strokes would be 15 500, 34 600 and 11 900, respectively."

Ferrante, D.; Linetzky, B.; Virgolini, M.; Schoj, V.; Apelberg, B., "Reduction in hospital admissions for acute coronary syndrome after the successful implementation of 100% smoke-free legislation in Argentina: a comparison with partial smoking restrictions," Tobacco Control 21(4): 402-406, July 2012.

A study published in the journal Tobacco Control concluded that there had been an immediate decrease in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) hospital admissions after a comprehensive smokefree law was implemented in Santa Fe Province and no change in admissions in Buenos Aires city, where there was only an ordinance with exemptions. In both districts, smoking prevalence did not change, but there was a change in self-reported secondhand smoke smoke exposure, with fewer exposures in Santa Fe. The authors wrote, "A 100% smoke-free law was more effective than a partial restriction law in reducing ACS admissions. An immediate effect was followed by a sustained decrease in ACS admissions. Smoke-free initiatives can be also effective in decreasing acute coronary events in developing countries."