Business Costs In Smoke-filled Environments

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August 2006

The U.S. Surgeon General has concluded that adopting smokefree workplace policies is a wise business decision. The results of all credible peer-reviewed studies show that smokefree policies and regulations do not have a negative impact on business revenues. Establishing smokefree workplaces is the simplest and most cost effective way to improve worker and business health.1

PROFITABILITY

ABSENTEEISM AND LOST PRODUCTIVITY

MAINTENANCE

INSURANCE RATES

REFERENCES

  1. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke: A Report of the Surgeon General. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2006.
  2. Behan, D.F.; Eriksen, M.P.; Lin, Y., "Economic Effects of Environmental Tobacco Smoke," Society of Actuaries, March 31, 2005. Download at http://www.soa.org/ccm/content/areas-of-practice/life-insurance/research/economic-effects-of-environmental-tobacco-smoke-SOA/?printerFriendly=1. Accessed on August 17, 2005.
  3. Ong MK, Glantz SA, "Cardiovascular health and economic effects of smoke-free workplaces," Am J Med 2004; 117:32-38.
  4. Alamar, B.; Glantz, SA. "Smoke-Free Ordinances Increase Restaurant Profit and Value." Contemporary Economic Policy, 22(4), October 2004, 520-525.
  5. [n.a.], "Annual Smoking Attributable Mortality, Years of Potential Life Lost, and Productivity Losses - United States, 1997-2001," JAMA, MMWR 2005;54:625-628.
  6. Halpern, M.T.; Shikiar, R.; Rentz, A.M.; Khan, Z.M., "Impact of smoking status on workplace absenteeism and productivity," Tobacco Control 10(3): 233-238, September 2001.
  7. [n.a.]."The Cost of Smoking to Business" American Cancer Society. [n.d.] Accessed on May 18, 2004. Download at http://www.cancer.org/docroot/NWS/content/NWS_2_1x_The_Cost_of_Smoking_to_Business.asp.
  8. Stewart, W.F.; Ricci, J.A.; Chee, E.; Morganstein, D. "Lost Productivity Work Time Costs From Health Conditions in the United States: Results From the American Productivity Audit." JOEM. 45(12): 1234-1246. December 2003.
  9. Halpern, M.T.; Shikiar, R.; Rentz, A.M.; Khan, Z.M., "Impact of smoking status on workplace absenteeism and productivity," Tobacco Control 10(3): 233-238, September 2001.
  10. Fellows, J.L.; Trosclair, A.; Rivera C.C.; National Center for Chronic Disease and Prevention and Health Promotion, "Annual Smoking Attributable Mortality, Years of Potential Life Lost, and Economic Costs-United States, 1995-1999." Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. JAMA, (287)18:2335-2356, 8 May 2002.
  11. Kristein, "How Much Can Business Expect to Profit From Smoking Cessation?" Preventive Medicine, 1983; 12:358-381.
  12. Jackson & Holle, "Smoking: Perspectives 1985," Primary Care, 1985; 12:197-216.
  13. Swanson, I., "Smoking ban 'will save Scotland £4bn'," Edinburg Evening News, March 10, 2005. Accessed on March 16, 2005. Downloaded at http://news.scotsman.com/topics.cfm?tid=663&id=264002005.
  14. [n.a.], "The dollars (and sense) benefits of having a smoke-free workplace," Michigan Department of Community Health, [2000].
  15. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "Clean Indoor Air Regulations Fact Sheet." National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. April 11, 2001. Accessed on May 18, 2004. Download at http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/sgr/sgr_2000?factshetts/factsheet_clean.htm.
  16. [n.a.], "The dollars (and sense) benefits of having a smoke-free workplace," Michigan Department of Community Health, [2000].
  17. Garland, W.S., BOMA Supports Smoking Ban in Buildings, www.boma.org, [n.d.]. Accessed on October 31, 2002.
  18. Hall, Jr., J.R., "The U.S. Smoking-Material Fire Problem," National Fire Protection Association, Fire Analysis and Research Division, April 2001.
  19. [n.a.], "The dollars (and sense) benefits of having a smoke-free workplace," Michigan Department of Community Health, [2000].
  20. Ibid., 2000.
  21. Zollinger, T.W.; Saywell, Jr., R.M.; Overgaard, A.D.; Holloway, A.M., "The economic impact of secondhand smoke on the health of residents and employee smoking on business costs in Marion County, Indiana for 2000," Marion County Health Department, February 2002.
  22. [n.a.], "The dollars (and sense) benefits of having a smoke-free workplace," Michigan Department of Community Health, [2000].
  23. American Lung Association (ALA) of Contra Costa/Solano, "Toward a Smoke-Free Workplace," Pleasant Hill, CA: American Lung Association (ALA) of Contra Costa/Solano, [n.d.].
  24. [n.a.], "The dollars (and sense) benefits of having a smoke-free workplace," Michigan Department of Community Health, [2000].
  25. [n.a.], "Health Now! and the business community," www.healthnowma.org. Accessed on May 13, 2004.
  26. [n.a.]."The Cost of Smoking to Business" American Cancer Society. [n.d.] Accessed on May 18, 2004. Download at http://www.cancer.org/docroot/NWS/content/NWS_2_1x_The_Cost_of_Smoking_to_Business.asp.

 


© Americans for Nonsmokers' Rights, 2004, revised 2005, 2006.